The US President’s trip to Europeclearly demonstrates that “America is back”. Joe Biden, unlike Donald Trump, believes in alliances and has respect for allies. And it finally has an agenda to share: fighting the pandemic, global taxation and how to seriously address the climate crisis.
Tre the significant stages of this turning point. The G7 in Cornwall was perhaps the most relaxing moment for the US president, between old friends and the ritual group photos. A lot of joy and a lot of convergence, at least in pointing the finger at the great danger that looms: “China’s military strengthening, its growing influence and coercive behavior pose challenges to our security”. The problem of’Empire of the Dragon has been placed without subterfuge at the center of the discussion among the heads of state. In conclusion, a marked red line has been drawn for Beijing.
Then Biden outlined the answer to this new confrontation at the NATO summit in Brussels, in the heart of Eurocentrism, tactfully and diplomatically wrying some “discolo” ally, which lately had given signals not exactly compliant with the Atlantic block: peace made, at least soì it seems, between Sultan Erdogan and the White House. With a pact that provides for Turkish logistical support for the US withdrawal from Afghanistan.
Finally, the meeting in Geneva with Putin, the face to face with enemy number two and a potential future partner. Unlike what happened in 2018 to Trump, in Helsinki, Biden avoided making the figure of the puppet operated by the Tsar of Moscow. Coming out of a delicate confrontation unscathed.
Overall, these three linked events have certified that the Trump era is now a closed chapter in the management of international geopolitics. End of antics, extravagances and an aggressive vision in rhetoric but weak in facts. Biden’s USA is like thatì back to being the known superpower. To maintain this leadership role, or lighthouse in the dark night of the pandemic, however, there is a need to impose new collective strategies. NATO’s success over the Soviet Union was the result of many factors, and it highlighted capabilityat dell’organization to adapt on a large scale to the changing changes that have taken place from Yalta to today. From the beginning, NATO has been much more than a simple military alliance, which revolved around the postulate enshrined in Article 5 (“an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America will beat considered an attack on them all”), represented a common space with its own identityat policy. It is a force capable of operating on all continents.
The Middle East, however, remains the most complex theater. Non-intervention in Syria has opened the door to Russia in the region. The clash between Turkey and Egypt is a cause for particular alarm, because it has reached a level that goes far beyond the control of Libyan soil. Balances in the Arab world that directly challenge two other actors dear to Washington, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. While, the Israeli-Palestinian question is still an inextricable labyrinth. Finally, the Iran dilemma, the road taken in this case is the reopening of negotiations. The recent presidential elections saw the affirmation of Ebrahim Raisi, the ultra-conservative presidential candidate, as the new head of state. Elections boycotted by most Iranians, bassa l ‘turnout, under 50%. A fact that is also the result of the disappointment among the population for the many candidates disqualified, mostly reformists, by the religious supervisory bodies. After eight years of Rouhani presidency, l’Iranian administration is in danger of shiftingstill to the right.The Guards of the Islamic Revolution have firm handson the State, l’military apparatus, nuclear production and large sectors of the’economy. On paper, they risk getting complicatedvery fragile diplomatic relations with Western countries, and especially with the United States. But despite being known as a “falco”, Ibrahim Raisi, in the end it will not interrupt the dialogue process of the’Iran with the United States and the relaunch of’international agreement on Iranian nuclear power which has the support of the Supreme Leader, l‘ayatollah Ali Khamenei. A very hot dossier on Biden’s desk.