To look at Abel humanoid robot able to speak, reason and understand emotions for a moment you can not even think about the little one David of the film AI – conceived by Kubrick and filmed by Spielberg – he desperately loved his human mom. But the 12-year-old-looking machine made by researchers from the center of Research Enrico Piaggio dell’university of Pisa he is not able to “feel” an emotion but tries to understand if he can trigger an emotion.
Born in collaboration with Biomimics of London, the workshop where some of the most famous were created robot and aliens of the cinema, from those of the saga of Star Wars, to the dinosaurs of Jurassic Park, Abel in fact speak, reason e understand emotions of human beings. “It is a humanoid robot both under theappearance aesthetic be behavioral – he says Lorenzo Cominelli, developer of the center of Pisa -. Not only does it look and move like us humans, but it is capable of to interact, to behave e feel what surrounds him in a similar way to ours “.
The robot is the result of the cooperation of two research sectors, the social robotics e l’affective computing, that specific branch of artificial intelligence that aims to create robots capable of to recognize ed express emotions. All this, with the contribution of some of the masters of special effects such as Gustav Hoegen, the designer and creator of Dutch animatronic creator of some characters of the saga of Star Wars. Abel is capable of to study his interlocutor and interact with him, observing numerous of them parameters – many of which are also invisible to man himself, like the little ones thermal changes or even the frequency of heartbeat – from which you can deduce which ones emotions test the human in front of him, perhaps better than a person can do.
The “kid” is also capable of to elaborate abstract concepts, by aconfront deductive reasoning and inductive and di formulation hypothesis, trying “to understand the person in front of him – continues Cominelli – and, if he does an action, try to understand if he has provoked a reaction, and of what kind”. One of its most important applications is that which concerns its ability to relate with patients suffering from disturbances like theAlzheimer. Abel can be used for to measure the reactions of the patient based on a series of behaviors and then figure out which ones are the best answers gives to provide, also helping doctors themselves to identify the most suitable treatments. “Abel has incredible potential – concludes Cominelli – a platform for use in many fields”.