Alfa romeo Alfetta GT and GTV: sporty, coupé; history; engines

Alfa romeo Alfetta GT and GTV: sporty, coupé; history; engines
Alfa romeo Alfetta GT and GTV: sporty, coupé; history; engines

In 1974, about 2 years after the launch of the new Alfetta medium which replaces the 1750/2000 models, Alfa Romeo introduces the GT sporty variant, which in turn will take the place of the beautiful Giulia-based coupé designed by Giugiaro which has once again been entrusted with the task of tracing the style.

This time, however, the founder of Italdesign changes everything: to the classic three-volume shape he prefers the two-volume hatchback solution with tailgate, on which he has been working for a while and which he deems ready to debut.

Far too futuristic

To tell the truth, some of the solutions proposed by the Garessio designer are still too far ahead for the judgment of the Alfa management, which likes the general line but not the very inclined windshield (much more than on the production model) with the wipers hidden under the bonnet profile and pointed front, so it makes some adjustments without compromising the great modernity of the line.

The shapes allow for a valid interior space, on average better than that of a classic coupé, although as usual it is shortened compared to the sedan from which it starts, in this case by about 10/11 cm both in length and in wheelbase, which measure 4.19 and 2.40 meters respectively.

The cockpit plays all on horizontal lines, with instrumentation in the center except for the rev counter which is moved in front of the steering wheel. Of the sedan, to which it bears very little aesthetically, the GT takes up the original mechanical arrangement, which features a Transaxle layout with front engine and rear gearbox and clutch.

This is accompanied by a particular suspension geometry with De Dion bridge and Watt’s wishbone (at the front the suspensions are instead independent with deformable wishbones) plus the brakes mounted inboard, at the exit of the differential and not on the wheels.

Da GT a GTV

The first available engine is the 1.8 from 122 HP which, however, already in ’75 dropped to 118, while in ’76 this engine was replaced by the 1.6 109 hp and a 2.0 with 122 hp that equips the first GTV, namely GT Veloce and two years later it is boosted to 130 hp.

The GTV stands out for some additional trims and an additional air intake between the grille and the bumpers, and is set to become the only possible configuration of the model starting in 1980, when the latest GT 1.6 go out of production and the escalation of the powers.

The sport

Shortly before, the GTV started its sporting career which saw it engaged in various disciplines, from the European Touring Championship (which it would have won for 4 years in a row from 82) to that dedicated to prototypes up to rallies, with results noteworthy.

The racing versions were prepared by the team Autodelta founded by Carlo Chiti in ’63 and three years later absorbed by Alfa Romeo as the official racing team, which also took care of some special series of road models including a small series of 20 units sold in Germany with the Montreal 2600 V8 engine. This was followed in ’79 by the Turbodelta, built in 400 units to obtain homologation in Gr. 4 and equipped with a 2.0 variant equipped with a turbocharger for 150 HP of power.

The GTV6 and the specials

With the second series, introduced in 1980, the name Alfetta disappears as well as the 1.6 engine and the model takes to be called only more GTV. On that occasion, the legendary V6 “Busso” 2.5-liter 12-valve 160 bhp engine joined the 2.0. The variant that adopts it is called GTV6 and is distinguished by the conspicuous bulge on the hood and other details including specific wheels. With this range, the Alfa Romeo sports car goes through a further slight aesthetic update that arrives in 1983.

The popularity it receives in many foreign markets also gives rise to particular variants such as the America, for the USA, which mounts the 2.0, however, equipped with injection power, and the Grand Prize of 1981, which celebrates the return of Alfa Romeo to F1 with a special set-up. Also based on the 2-liter model, it is made in 650 units, 250 of which for Italy. Finally, in South Africa between ’84 and ’85 the GTV6 3.0 was born, with a 3-liter engine and right-hand drive, built in 200 units.

In total, the Alfetta-based coupes were built in just over 136,000 units and hold the market quite well, with average prices ranging from 10,000 to 13,000 euros approximately for the 1.6, 1.8 and 2.0 and reach 18,000 for the V6. The America injection versions are less popular, which are under 7,000, while for the rare Turbodelta it is over 40,000 euros.

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