An updated analysis of the immigration situation in the Lazio Region, in the Capital and in particular in the XV Municipality.
The study, written by Vincenzo Pira – anthropologist and international cooperation expert who after working for years in Africa and Latin America today lives and works in the Labaro district – is based on the 16th Report of the Roman Observatory on Migration, edited by the IDOS Study and Research Center with the Institute of Political Studies “S. Pio V ”and which shows the state of immigration in the Lazio Region and in particular in the city of Rome with specific analyzes for each Municipality.
The Metropolitan City of Rome has 509,057 foreign residents, increased in one year by 1,302 units (+ 0.3%) and since 2011 (last census) by 133,456, with a growth of 35.5% in 10 years compared to + 16.7% nationally. The growth rate of 2019 is the lowest in the last 8 years and is fueled by the hinterland alone, which registered 1,592 more residents compared to 290 fewer in the capital (-0.1%).
The metropolitan city alone concentrates 10.1% of foreigners residing in Italy and 80.9% of those in Lazio. The incidence of foreigners on the total population is 12.0%, the third highest value after the metropolitan cities of Milan (14.1%) and Florence (12.4%).
Foreigners residing in the Municipality of Rome are 382,301, 13.4% of total residents, both in very slight decline (-0.1% and -0.4%), in the case of foreigners mainly due to cancellations due to ascertained unavailability or failure to renew the declaration of habitual residence, with the maximum decrease in municipality I (-3.5%). However, from 2009 to 2019 the foreign population grew by 19.3%, while the overall population decreased by 0.6%.
The municipalities with the greatest incidence of foreigners on the population are I (20.1%), XV (19.6%), VI (17.7%) and V (17.6%); those with the lowest incidence are municipalities IX, III and IV (8.8%, 9.4% and 9.7% respectively).
About a quarter of the foreign population of the capital is Romanian citizens (90,823, 23.8% of foreigners), followed by Filipinos (42,000, 11.0%), Bangladeshi (32,912, 8.6%), Chinese (19,478, 5.1%) and Ukrainians (15,297, 4.0%). However, the only nationalities growing among the top ten are Bangladeshi (+ 3.9%), Egyptian (+ 1.1%), Indian (+ 3.1%) and Sri Lankan (+ 0.6%), while Romanians (-1.9%), Peruvians (-2.0%) and Poles (-3.5%) fell.
As for the Town Hall XV, the foreigners registered in the registry as of January 1, 2020 are 31,512 (they were 31,055 in 2018). With a total population of 160,502 immigrants in the XV Municipality are currently 19.6%. 56.1% of immigrant communities are made up of women, of whom 49.8 are single. Minors are 5,288 equal to 16.8% of the total.
The most numerous nationalities of origin are: the Romanians (8,187 people equal to 26% of the total foreign population), the Filipinos (5,262 people equal to 16.7%) the Sri Lankans (2,659 people equal to 8.4%), the Peruvians 1,600 people equal to 5 , 1%), Ecuadorians (1,349 people equal to 4.3%), Moldovans (791 people equal to 2.5%), Indians are 786 (equal to 2.5%), Ukrainians (765 people equal to to 2.4%), Poles (717 people equal to 2.3%), those from Bangladesh are 654 (equal to 2.1%).
The districts with the greatest demographic presence of the foreign population are Nero’s Tomb with 7,791 people, La Storta with 4,661, Labaro 4,554, Farnesina 2,999, Cesano 2,649, La Giustiniana 1,883, Tor di Quinto 1,586, Santa Cornelia 1,368, Grottarossa 1,510, Prima Porta 374, Foro Italico 156 people. Martignano behind with 25 people.
The critical issues mentioned several times have been exacerbated by the Covid 19 pandemic. The most alarming concerns the practice of registry registration often inhomogeneous in the city and not compliant with legislation.
Refusals to register for registration are too widespread for declarations of residence without a lease contract or accompanied by a residence permit being issued or renewed (despite being a valid title). Another criticality involves students rejected by schools at the time of enrollment for purely bureaucratic and formal reasons, with consequent denial of the right to education.
Then there is the condition of the Roma, with the age-old (and never resolved) question of the camps, moreover forgotten during the pandemine, places that the new Capitoline administrations promptly promise to overcome but which for 25 years have confined the Roma population in real “ethnic ghettos”.
In the year of the pandemic, the greatest difficulties arose in the health sector. The difficulties in accessing basic health services, prevention and tracking of Covid cases have affected especially the most fragile citizens, including many immigrants. The synergy between public and private has “frozen”, assistance relationships have remained suspended and the lack of organic governance has also slowed the vaccination campaign, access to which is not yet universal.
The many associations and voluntary organizations that have activated common strategies, actions to support public services, unprecedented and timely interventions such as teaching Italian L2 on the phone, support for students in distance learning, proximity medicine, operational health coordination in support of the Roman Asl, the opening, in collaboration with the Municipality of Rome, of bridge structures for the quarantine of asylum seekers and refugees.
In the distance imposed by the virus and by the restrictions, proximity practices and territorial interventions have sprung up that have partially attenuated isolation and marginalization. Once the emergency has been overcome, territorial policies governed by the institutions and with a wider scope are now urgently needed. (Vincenzo Pira)
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