It is necessary to change the reward law on collaborators of justice, because it is the daughter of the events of 1992 while now the mafia has changed and must be fought confiscating. He supported it Matteo Salvini, leader of the League, interviewed by Lucia Annunziata.
It could be observed that the law is of the 1991 (so much so that Giovanni Falcone, killed in 1992, was one of his most convinced supporters). Or it could be said that Salvini’s arguments are in fact the same as those of those they want to abolish life imprisonment and 41-bis. And maybe add that this conformity of thought perhaps arises from the referendum on justice that brought Salvini closer to environments like “Hands off Cain”. But it would be trifles.
The real substance is another. It is true that in thirty years the mafia has changed. Simply because it has the DNA of the chameleon, capable of changing its skin according to the circumstances of time and place in which from time to time must operate. An obvious feature, known to all, that has always worked, since the mafia has existed (now about two centuries). But it is equally true that even today – unfortunately – the mafia controls substantial parts of our territory and influences significant moments in the political and economic life of the country. So it doesn’t seem like the time yet, as they say, to let your guard down. Especially in this pandemic season, which pushes the mafia, authentic jackals, to exploit the misfortunes of others to take over the economic-commercial sectors in crisis (as Salvini himself pointed out, this time rightly, proposing to double the anti-usury fund).
But it is precisely in this context that the problem of whether or not to change something of the anti-mafia legislation in force must be realistically inserted. It is formed by a “package of standards” (repent; 41 bis; life imprisonment, that is without benefits if there is no repentance) that worked and works. I experienced it directly when, after the 1992 massacres, I asked to be transferred from the Turin Assize Court to the Palermo prosecutor’s office. The cross effect of the package components was extraordinary. If the ease with which sentences could have been avoided in the past fades, if the prison becomes a serious thing” even for the convicted mafia members, it becomes “logical” that we try to reduce this pincer to the least damage, exploiting the spaces offered by the law on repentants.
And in fact, the Palermo prosecutor’s office was able to record an important avalanche “pentimenti” (Falcone said that to repent you must trust the state) with outstanding results: not only are the leaders, followers and killers of Cosa Nostra progressively identified, captured and tried (650 life sentences!), but it is also possible to investigate the dark side of the mafia planet, its “external Relations” with some polluted sectors of civil society and the state. In short, together with the police and with the contribution of the civil society (Palermo covered with white sheets) we managed to block the strategy of Cosa Nostra which instead of democracy would have wanted to establish a massacre narcostat.
Salvini says that the mafia must be fought by confiscating. Quite right. But if there is no one who knows the secrets on which the mafia stands and reveals them, it is not easy to find the goods to be confiscated, hidden as they are thanks to the complicity of “wooden heads” who are never lacking and professionals as unscrupulous as they are well paid. And we’re back to utility irreplaceable of repentants. Which should also be remembered for those who say that with the spread of wiretapping they have become useless, given that without someone who reveals where to put the “bugs” because that is where the mafia can live or meet, few spiders would get out of the hole.
Finally, it must be said to be honest that Salvini also claims that it is repugnant to think of one who has killed hundreds of people who is calm. at the beach. Argument undoubtedly strongly suggestive, which however leads to remember that there is no country in the world that does not use repentants to fight organized crime. With the difference that here the repentants are tried, condemned and they serve their sentence (even if reduced: in the case of Brusca from life imprisonment to 30 and then 25 years in prison); while elsewhere, for example in the USA, those who collaborate gets away with it completely. In the sense that the law guarantees him complete immunity for the crimes committed.