Shout to criminalization of their work to try to play a decisive role in the management of the migratory phenomenon in the Mediterranean: this is the strategy fielded even in the last few weeks from Ong. In recent days, the Sea Eye 4 ship was, for example, reached by a new administrative detention order and Luca Casarini, head of mission of the Ionian Sea, immediately pointed the finger at the government: “It is clear that the Port Authority Command – has declared – receives orders to this effect from the government ”. But this is not the case. And from the Coast Guard itself they explain why.
NGOs come out
On May 28, the new episode of the NGO strategy took place at the Viminale, where a meeting was held with Minister Luciana Lamorgese. Here, the representatives of the organizations got their hands on shuffling the deck of cards on the table in front of the hostess. On the desk were left a series of proposals for the protection of their activity which consists in transiting off the Libyan coast, picking up migrants in navigation and taking them to Italy as a sea taxi. Our nation, although not the only European one to appear in the Mediterranean, has for some time become the place where the boats of the NGOs “unload” foreigners. A mechanism consolidated over time that mistakenly assumes the characteristics of one practice.
And here we have asked for a greater commitment from Italy “to establish an effective research system and rescue whose primary purpose is to safeguard human life in the Mediterranean“. Also criticizing the cooperation choices of the government of Rome with Libya, despite not having the title and competence, the representatives of the NGOs asked the minister “of to recognize the humanitarian organizations“. But this was not enough, because another objective for the delegations was to appear as organizations targeted by administrative detention measures: they in fact asked for the removal of the measures on ships still blocked.
“In Italian ports there are many ships besides the NGOs in administrative detention”
“We asked– reads a note from the NGOs – to the minister to recognize the role of humanitarian organizations, affected by criminalization, releasing our ships still under arrest“A request that cannot be made in these terms because it would mean revolutionize the regulatory system Italian and Community. The rules are there, they must be respected by all and, consequently, the violations, provide for the same penalties for all. On Saturday, a new administrative detention reached the ship Sea Eye 4, of the German NGO of the same name. Luca Casarini, head of mission of Mare Jonio, has increased the controversy: “Once again a civilian rescue ship, after having honored that law of the sea and those international conventions that require rescuing those who ask for help in the Mediterranean, is subjected to spurious and arbitrary checks that block it in a port – Casarini told AdnKronos – It is clear that the Port Authority Command receives orders to this effect from the government”.
To clarify on IlGiornale.it how the control activities of the boats that stop in the Italian ports are carried out is a source of the Coast Guard: “Il administrative detention – the source tells us – it is an activity that the Harbor Master’s Office and the Coast Guard carry out for the purposes of safety navigation. Specifically, two checks are carried out. The first towards the units flying the Italian flag regarding the certifications that the ships must have to navigate and perform the functions for which they have been declared suitable. The second check is carried out on foreign-flagged ships calling at Italian ports “.
The experience of 2020 teaches: “Last year – continues the source – we have inspected more than 1200 navi flying a foreign flag. At least 60 were stopped and not all of them were NGOs. So there is no ostracism towards the boats belonging to these organizations ”. The European Commission has issued a specific recommendation that the civilian units of NGOs carrying out search and rescue activities at sea are certified to perform those functions. “Some states – explains the source – have adapted such as Spain and Norway. Others, particularly Germany, have not done so. To date, the situation is that there are certified NGOs and others that are not ”.
The position of Luciana Lamorgese
The owner of the Interior Ministry has made it clear that he has received or at least understood the requests of the NGOs. After all, the initiative of the meeting was his: “I have already received all the NGOs – announced Luciana Lamorgese last May 19 during the hearing in the parliamentary control committee on the implementation of Schengen – and I believe that next week I will reunite them again“. Hence a position certainly not contrary to NGOs, a circumstance stigmatized by some members of the majority and labeled as a sign of weakness: “The behavior of the Minister of the Interior – he declared on IlGiornale.it the teacher of the Cattolica Vittorio Emanuele Parsi – is probably based on the need to work on two tracks: on the one hand to seek European solidarity, on the other to avoid new deaths at sea ”. Also because, according to Parsi, we are heading towards a season marked by a large number of departures, especially from Libya: “Many departures equate to many deaths, the more you leave and the more people who die at sea increase – he added. the teacher – in this sense the minister preferred to choose the path of dialogue with those who are physically at sea ”. A solution that from a political point of view could generate problems: “Within the current majority there are more souls – said Parsi – the initiative of Lamorgese did not like the League and could generate further tensions in the future”.
“Nothing new will come out of the June European Council”
The first track that the teacher spoke about, that is the one relating to European solidarity, for the entire government of Mario Draghi represents aincognita. Minister Lamorgese himself, in the hearing on May 19 last before the Schengan control committee, expressed perplexity about the EU plans on immigration: “I doubt, however, that the next council set for June – pointed out Vittorio Emanuele Parsi – will be able to leave something new. Certainly those automatisms in the redistribution that Italy has long requested will not be approved ”. A skepticism justified by recent history, with Brussels constantly divided on the issue and often standing still to requests for solidarity from our country.
The only hope, according to the teacher, in the medium term is given by the sense of responsibility that sooner or later will have to emerge within the European partners: “Maybe a few political steps will be taken in June – he added – but it will change little. As the summer continues, however, the migratory pressure will be such as to call everyone back to their responsibilities ”. The only certain element at the moment is the concrete possibility of witnessing a hot summer on the migratory front. The Libyan route in 2021 has returned to worry as in the pre-Covid years and the numbers appear merciless: from January 1 to June 4, 14,999 migrants landed in Italy, compared to 5,461 in the same period in 2020.