Italian graduates are the lowest paid in Europe: 28,000 euros gross per year. Young people are trained in Italy, but in the end they are forced to emigrate to see the efforts of years of sacrifices and studies repaid. Abroad people are not only looking for a higher income, they are often looking for a job that is lacking in Italy.
Currently, between the old system, three-year, master’s and single-cycle degrees, the number of young people – and not so young – enrolled at the university is around one and a half million. Many or few? According to the data STATE they are few and the fault is not of the listless young people, but of the obstacles to study for those coming from a low-income family.
They call her “brain drain”And it is a phenomenon that will cost Italy dearly in the future. Universities are already trying to take cover by increasing the number of foreign students, offering courses in English and a greater exchange between European universities for students and professors.
Graduates: higher earnings in Italy, but the comparison with Europe is critical
You don’t just study to earn more, you also need to think about the passion for a specific sector of work or subject of study. Work is created starting from one’s passions, but if we want to be realistic this discourse must be set aside. Graduating, and above all graduating in a highly sought-after sector, involves an actual gain more than those who only have a diploma. The report of theOECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) last year describes a fairly noticeable difference between salaries: graduates earn 39% more than high school graduates. Although many other variables should be taken into consideration, such as the lack of years of contributions instead spent to study. At that point, a further discussion should open on the redemption of the degree, between benefits and costs.
If we look beyond our borders we can see a further gap, the one that pushes young people to leave Italy in search of a gain and greater recognition for the years spent in training: the salary. A good result for a new Italian graduate is to earn 28,000 euros gross per year, but it will never be a better result than that of almost all the other countries of the European Union. For example, a recent English graduate can earn up to 32,000 euros per year, while a Frenchman can earn up to 35,000 euros. The Corriere della Sera also reports the comparison with the countries with golden salaries, just to relate our “good results”: 50 thousand euros per year for the Germans and 79 thousand for the Swiss.
Is brain drain inevitable?
These are days of fire on the new online discussion boards, where public debate is focusing on the psychological health of college students. After two years of pandemic and the government’s inattention to the needs of universities, today we are talking again about how the competition for jobs is not healthy.
In Italy, competition is high in every sector, even in the STEAM sector (but this depends on the few investments in research), even if paradoxically there are not as many graduates as is believed. A serious problem, all Italian, is the lack of interest in keeping young people competent in the country. First they are trained in Italy, when economically the family can afford it or is able to access study support; after they do not find work and are forced to migrate abroad where the skills of the individual are enhanced.
Can the brain drain be prevented? Italian universities are trying to keep pace with European ones: creation of courses in English (+644) and a greater exchange of students and professors, thanks also to the renewed Erasmus + project. You can bet on the result, certainly positive, but it remains necessary to invest in the future employment of new graduates here in Italy.
Let’s start with something simple, as the well-known lawyer, activist and politician also recalls Cathy La Torre su Twitter:
Italian graduates are among the lowest paid in Europe (28,000 gross a year compared to 35,000 gross for a Frenchman, to say). PAY THEM DUE. Thank you.
Another way to increase the number of students and skilled workers is to guarantee education for everyone, even those from a low-income family. There are study support systems, such as the regional scholarship (the calls for the year 2021-2022 are coming out these days), but we should start thinking about an all-round support system, which allows the student to move on the Italian territory and stay in the cities where the most important and renowned universities in Italy are located. In Europe, for example, different systems are adopted: from the zero-interest student loan to a combination of loan and scholarship.