Italy for Climate, from transport to agriculture: a roadmap for carbon neutral Italy

Italy for Climate, from transport to agriculture: a roadmap for carbon neutral Italy
Italy for Climate, from transport to agriculture: a roadmap for carbon neutral Italy

In the year of Cop26, the National Climate Conference promoted by Italy For Climate (with the patronage of the Ministry of Ecological Transition, the European Commission and Rai per il Sociale and with the media partnership of Rai News and Rai Radio 1) returns to the point on the progress made by the country on the path towards climate neutrality.

The report

Iea: 2021, the record year of renewables. Expected to grow by 95% over the next 5 years

by Luca Fraioli

01 December 2021


In recent years, Italy has slowed down its pace on the road to decarbonisation: from 2014 and 2019, emissions have fallen by just 10 million tons of CO2eq. Also alarming is the increase in energy consumption + 9% (between 1990 and 2019) and the data on the use of renewable sources: stopped from 2015 to 2019 and even decreased in the year of the pandemic by about 400 thousand tons oil equivalents (about 2%). To date, moreover, in Italy about 80% of energy needs are met by gas, oil and coal.

The Roadmap 2.0 proposed by Italy for Climate to achieve carbon neutrality by the middle of the century provides for a 55% reduction in emissions by 2030 compared to 1990, compared to the 19% cut recorded in 2019. To do this in just a decade it will be necessary to reduce energy consumption by about 15% and double the production of renewable sources, bringing them in the electricity sector to 70% of national production and making them grow significantly also in heat generation and transport: overall these will have to satisfy about 43% of the national energy needs.

The interview

Climate, Serena Giacomin: “We young people want and can decide for our future”

by Emanuele Bompan

September 27, 2021



“This year’s appointment is very important to gather the most authoritative institutional representatives, the ideas, the reflections and the critical issues that emerged in the recent Cop26 in Glasgow, which now call the country to an even more concrete and urgent commitment – he has declared Andrea Barbabella, Coordinator of Italy for Climate – Italy is not yet on the right path to respect the commitments of the Paris Agreement and respond to the call of the recent COP26. Climate neutrality is a challenging goal that requires a clear, effective and shared path. There are no single paths and solutions suitable for everyone: the goal is common, but the contributions that each sector of the economy can and must make are different. In our climate roadmap we have put forward over 40 proposals for action, divided into individual economic sectors, which could be decisive in the decarbonization process of the country “.

Deloitte, in 2043 the benefits of the ecological transition in Italy will begin to outweigh the costs

by Stefania Aoi

November 18, 2021



To achieve these results, I4C has defined sectoral roadmaps, presented during the technical session of the Conference, which identify specific climate and energy targets and targeted intervention proposals for each sector that contributes to the national emission framework: industry, buildings, transport, agriculture and generation. electric.

The proposals of Italy for Climate:

Industry

The industrial sector is the first sector for greenhouse gas emissions in Italy, with 37% of the national total, but it is also the one that most of all has reduced them, with a cut from 1990 to 2019 of 85 million tons of CO2eq. According to the I4C Roadmap 2.0, the industrial sector will have to cut its emissions by 43% compared to 2019, reaching approximately 87 million tons of CO2 equivalent in 2030. This cut will be made possible not only thanks to a reduction in current energy consumption by 11%, but above all thanks to an important growth in renewable sources (which in 2030 will be double the current ones) and the electrification of a part of the consumption from fossil fuels.

Buildings

The sector of buildings – residential, public and commercial – is the second for emissions (28% of national emissions) but the first for energy consumption with almost half of the national total. From 1990 to 2019 it reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 10%, but at the same time increased energy consumption by as much as 44%. According to the I4C Roadmap, buildings are the sector that will provide the greatest contribution in terms of reducing national greenhouse gas emissions from now to 2030, with a 55% cut compared to 2019 thanks above all to the energy requalification of buildings: 2% of private buildings and 3% of public buildings each year will have to be redeveloped in “deep renovation”, that is, significantly improving the energy performance of the building.

Transportation

Transport represents the third sector for greenhouse gas emissions, with 26% of the national total. But above all it is the only sector that in the thirty years analyzed has not reduced its emissions at all, which remained around 110 million tons of CO.2eq. The sector will have to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 29% compared to 2019 by 2030. According to the I4C Roadmap, transport will have to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 29% compared to 2019 and its diesel and diesel consumption by 2030. gasoline by 34%. To achieve these objectives, it will be necessary to reduce the motorization rate to a total vehicle fleet of approximately 33 million vehicles in 2030 by improving shared transport and active mobility in the city. It will also be necessary to have 6 million electric vehicles on our roads in 2030 (today we are just over 200 thousand units).

Agriculture

The agricultural sector is responsible for 9% of national greenhouse gas emissions. In thirty years, emissions have decreased by 16%, but between 2015 and 2019, instead of decreasing, they increased. According to I4C, the agricultural sector will have to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 29% by 2030 compared to 2019, primarily by cutting emissions from farms.

Electric generation

In the I4C Roadmap it is a “transversal” sector, which contributes to the national emission framework not directly but through the electricity consumption of the four final sectors. Today the consumption of 1 kWh in Italy produces about 260 grams of CO2 and in 2030 it will have to more than halve, reaching just over 100 grams of CO2. This will be possible, according to I4C, only if renewables reach a 70% share in national electricity generation in 2030 (today we are at about 40%), installing 8 GW of new plants every year, especially photovoltaic and wind power plants.

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