Poverty in Italy: 5 million salaries under 10 thousand euros a year

Poverty in Italy: 5 million salaries under 10 thousand euros a year
Poverty in Italy: 5 million salaries under 10 thousand euros a year

Five million Italians earn less than 10 thousand euros gross a year. And one million 800 thousand, of the 2.7 million part-time workers, had to accept reduced hours against his will: he has no alternative. The Di Vittorio Foundation report captures a further worsening of working conditions in our country. The gap between Italian wages and the rest of Europe is growing: before the pandemic (when the increase in wages had been 3.1% in twenty years, against steep rises in France and Germany) and even after, with a reduction in the wage bill of 7.2% (reduced to 3.9% thanks to the support of the social safety nets) clearly heavier than 2.4% of the European average and 0.7% in Germany.

Work is poor also because it is not very specialized: 34% of Italians are found in the two less skilled sectors (the European average is 27%) and in the two highest just 15.5% (the gap with 25% is very large. % of the euro area).

“It is clear that in addition to taking care of the quantity of work available in our country, we should pose a serious problem of quality” underlines Fulvio Fammoni, president of the Foundation. “National bargaining is the only embankment to protect rights, it must be strengthened until reaching a law on representation that puts pirate contracts out of action”, re-launch the deputy secretary general of the CGIL, Gianna Fracassi, and the confederal secretary Tania Scacchetti.

In this context, recorded largely pre-Covid, the impact of the pandemic is obviously pejorative: the first to jump were precarious and discontinuous contracts and professions with less specialization. The CGIL foundation calculates that in 2020 the average salary of a full-time employee in Italy decreased by 5.8% compared to 2019, with a loss in absolute terms of 1,724 euros. It is the largest drop in the EU (-1.2% on average). The average annual salary, despite the safety of the social safety nets, fell by 726 euros (-2.4%) to 27,900.

“We are not an ATM”

And precisely the reform of the shock absorbers, still far from its definitive physiognomy also due to the scarce resources allocated by the economic maneuver, continues to unleash the protests of the companies. The extension of the redundancy fund is a necessary umbrella precisely for the army of employees, often precarious and unskilled, of small and medium-sized companies in the tertiary sector, now called upon to contribute to the expansion of the protections: “For trade, tourism, technical services and warehousing an increase in contributions of almost 500 million is triggered, of which 200 million refer to companies with up to 15 employees. The average increase per employee is 90 euros – says Confesercenti – In order to have an effective reduction in the tax burden on production factors, a compensatory intervention is immediately needed ”.

Confindustria also lasts: «The companies pay the State 3 billion for layoffs each year, receiving benefits for 600 million. We are 2.4 billion net contributors. We cannot always be the state ATM ”attacks President Carlo Bonomi. Which, from the Umbrian assembly of the organization, raises: «If we want to give shock absorbers to everyone, everyone must contribute. Instead of extending the redundancy fund, it is necessary to think about a new insurance shock absorber ».

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