Seaside concessions, Draghi wants to solve the Bolkestein problem with the reform of the competition: center-right sideways. The shores ‘donated’ by the state: history of a directive that was never applied

Seaside concessions, Draghi wants to solve the Bolkestein problem with the reform of the competition: center-right sideways. The shores ‘donated’ by the state: history of a directive that was never applied
Seaside concessions, Draghi wants to solve the Bolkestein problem with the reform of the competition: center-right sideways. The shores ‘donated’ by the state: history of a directive that was never applied

End of taboo ‘Bolkestein‘, the European directive of 2006 which obliges to announce tenders to grant public goods such as national beaches. Also in Italy, where out of almost 30 thousand state-owned maritime concessions (for any purpose), over 21 thousand paid in 2019 a fee of less than 2500 euros. This was recalled by the Antitrust in a report last March. And now the premier Mario Draghi he is determined to resolve once and for all a question that has never been closed. In fact, if the extension of the bathing concessions expired, confirmed by 2020 Relaunch Decree, cost in December last year a new letter of formal notice of the EU Commission against Italy, last spring the Antitrust urgently asked the government to change the current national law, namely the 2019 Budget Law (approved by M5S and Lega) which extended the current bathing concessions until 2034 , thus violating the directive european. To agitate the sector even more a series of sentences by Tar and State Council with which the judges have imposed on the mayors to disapply the national law in favor of that european. Very clear: the EU states must guarantee that authorizations are issued, for a limited period of time, through a procedure of selection open, public and based on non-discriminatory, transparent and objective criteria. In short, a short circuit which has been going on for some time. Palazzo Chigi wants to close the game and find the solution in the context of competition reform. The delivery in Brussels, first expected by July 2021, has already been extended at the end September and, therefore, in the next few days it should leave in Cabinet the discussion on state-owned concessions.

REACTIONS – And although this does not mean putting out to tender as early as 2021 (which is unlikely, ed), theraising of shields it was not long in coming and represents yet another element of tension within the government, in this case between Palazzo Chigi and the center-right, which has always been very attentive to the requests of the owners of bathing establishments. In the front row the Carroccio e Power Italy. “League always and forever against clearance sale of beaches, concessions and the Italian sea, as he would like to impose Brussels. If any Pd minister tries again, the League will oppose it, wherever and however “the leader of the League declared in recent days. Matteo Salvini, who would have liked to postpone the discussion see you after the administrative, but that could be forced to accept a compromise. The forced senator also intervened Maurizio Gasparri, which had a decisive role in 2020 when the 15-year extension was inserted through an amendment to the Relaunch decree of the Conte 2 government, signed by the parliamentarian Deborah Bergamini of Forza Italia and approved by the Budget Committee of the Chamber. The Accounting Office asked for the excerpt e Angelo Bonelli, co-spokesperson for Green Europe spoke of “a decision that protects privileges e return unacceptable”, Given that the evasion of the payment of concessions to the State Property Agency is equal to 50% because the State collects only 106 million euros a year against a turnover of 7 billion euros a year. Today, however, Gasparri does not give up. “In no law on the competition rules that are hostile to beach businesses and trade will be introduced. Clear rules have been approved. The dispute with theEurope has not yet been formalized and will be discussed, if ever discussed, in future decades “he said, arguing that” there is no need to enact rules that in Parliament they would be crumpled up like waste paper and thrown into baskets. If any technician of back shop should he take initiatives that do not belong to him, he will go home ”. But for the Antitrust there is a need. And while Salvini talks about the “sale of the beaches”, there are those who think that the real problem is instead an increasingly small number of free beaches compared to royalties derisory.

ALWAYS LESS FREE BEACHES AND IRRISING FEES – Tuscany, Basilicata, Sicily, Friuli-Venezia Giulia e Veneto these are the regions in which there is no rule specifying a minimum percentage of coastline destined for free or free equipped beaches. As Legambiente explains in the report Beaches 2021, published last July, other regions have set maximum percentages, but few have intervened with measures really incisive and with controls to protect free use. Suffice it to say that along the Roman coast, there is the negative record for continuity of coast without a free beach, with a wall a Ostia which prevents for about 3.5 kilometers from seeing the sea and enjoying it for free. And then there is the uncovered nerve, in fact, of the lack of transparency of the fees paid for concessions and the incompleteness of data for areas that belong to the state property. The last national data available on State revenues are from 2019. For last year, in fact, in the technical report of Decree August in response to the pandemic crisis, it is explained that the amount is equal to 115 million, of which only 83, however, actually collected. In addition to the difference between when due and actually paid, there are still 235 million euros of unpaid rents to be paid since 2007. One thing is certain: the turnover of establishments bathing has been estimated by Nomisma in at least 15 billion euros per year.

BEACH GIFTS – The 59 bathing concessions of the municipality of Arzachena, on the Costa Smeralda, on the other hand, in 2020 they paid the state a total of 19 thousand euros a year. It means about 322 euros each for a whole year, less than the 400 euros per day required for an umbrella with 2 sunbeds at the Hotel Romazzino in Porto Cervo. At the Hotel Cala di Volpe in Porto Cervo, on the other hand, staying one night in the suite costs money 35 thousand euros, but for the exclusive use of the beach, the company Smeralda Holding, owned by the Emir of Qatar, pays the Italian state a fee of 520 euros per year. There are those who think that this means “selling off”. Like the mayor of Arzachena who, as told in the FQ Millennium investigation in June, ‘Royal Beaches. And the mayors are rebelling ‘, he refused to extend the concessions on maritime state property for 15 years and suffered attacks from Feather balneari and then from the same Sardinia Region, which commissioned the municipalities by removing their competence over concessions. But that there is something wrong he knows too well Flavio Briatore, owner of the Twiga Club of Marina di Pietrasanta, in Versilia, the establishment with disco and restaurant with the most expensive place on the beach. One thousand euros a day for the Presidential Gazebo (2 Moroccan beds, central table, 4 beds with the possibility of having TV and music). “I should pay at least 100 thousand euros” said Briatore in an interview with Courier service. Instead, against a turnover of four million euros per year, the Twiga returns to the state a fee of 17,619 euros per year.

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