Every woman has to face different phases of her life, with more or less important changes that require attention, such as those that occur for women over 40. From this age it is easy to enter a transition period (more or less long) leading to menopause, with the cessation of the menstrual cycle. In this period, known as perimenopause, progesterone levels begin to decline and estrogen levels begin to dance, with longer and longer phases of amenorrhea. This hormonal imbalance has effects on the woman’s body which it is essential to take into account.
More attention to lifestyle is needed
The average age of arrival of menopause is increasing (51.4 years). One in two women in Italy (59%) claims to feel worse after menopause, yet, if approached correctly, it is a positive phase in life. Women over 40 are not attentive to their lifestyle in this delicate phase and this “inattention” causes about 20 thousand cancer deaths a year. 24% of women over 40 smoke regularly and 21% report drinking alcohol every day. Only 4 out of 10 women follow a balanced diet and 40% do not practice physical activity regularly.
Menopause less… bad!
This is the picture outlined in a survey conducted on 2014 women in Italy between the ages of 40 and 70. The survey is part of the new national campaign: “Menopause less … bad!” promoted by the Together Against Cancer Foundation. The goal is to enhance the health of women no longer in childbearing age, with the creation of a brochure full of explanations and advice.
In women over 40, smoking represents a risk factor for heart and blood vessel diseases, but it can also lead to a lower level of estrogen with a potential advance of menopause. Smoking is also an important element in osteoporosis: it has the ability to act directly on the bone, also altering the microcirculation.
Little alcohol and lots of sport
High alcohol consumption is an important risk factor for liver disease, hypertension and stroke. Furthermore, the abuse of alcohol and caffeine contributes to insomnia and hot flashes.
Not least, a sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor for many diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease and obesity.
“Every year in Italy more than 64 thousand women, aged between 50 and 69, get cancer,” explains Francesco Cognetti, president of Together against Cancer; “Over 60% of patients are alive 5 years after diagnosis. Of these women, at least one in four has returned to have the same life expectancy as the general population. It can therefore be considered cured. Incorrect behaviors such as smoking, alcohol abuse, excess weight, physical inactivity and improper diet cause over 20,000 deaths among women every year in Italy ”.
Yes to gynecological checks
“All women starting from puberty should come regularly to our clinics – adds Giovanni Scambia, past president of Sigo, the Italian Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics – This also applies to those in menopause as it is still a phase of female life where health and well-being must be closely monitored. From the age of 45/50, cancer screening programs begin and other tests must be performed regularly “.
According to the recommendations provided by the Office on Women’s Health, where you can find advice for women according to various ages, at 40:
· You must perform at least 30 minutes of physical activity a day;
· It is necessary to sleep from 7 to 9 hours a night;
· You need to maintain a healthy weight;
· One must seek help to quit smoking or not start at all;
· It is necessary to limit the use of alcohol.
The information contained on this site is not intended and should not in any way replace the direct relationship between health professionals and the user. It is therefore advisable to always consult your doctor and / or specialists.