Belly, hips, thighs and breasts they seem to grow in volume despite an effort to follow a healthy eating style and controlled, drink plenty of water and avoid prohibited foods such as junk food and sweets. Not to mention the effort it takes to move more. Thousands of tips that you go to look for in magazines and doctor Google. Yet nothing, the scale does not yield even a gram. Rather. Why does this happen? What can really be done to stop weight gain and regain confidence in your body? It is not just an aesthetic question. It is known that as visceral fat increases, the cardiovascular risk, that is the risk of heart attack and stroke, also increases.
Why does menopause cause various ailments?
«During a woman’s fertile period, the ovaries are organs responsible for the synthesis of female sex hormones such as estrogen and progesterone, and a small amount of androgens. The activity of the ovaries is cyclically regulated by the pituitary gland through the release of two hormones, LH (luteinizing hormone) and FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) “, explains the Professor Maria Grazia Spalluto, Professor of Phytotherapy at the Tor Vergata University of Rome.
«L’ipofisi, a small gland controlled by the central nervous system is capable of continuously modifying its activity in relation to the hormonal situation of the organism. During the fertile age of the woman, theovary produces large amounts of estrogen and other female sex hormones», Adds the expert.
What happens to the ovaries
“In menopause, when the ovaries cease their activity, we are witnessing a drop in estrogen levels and to disappearance of the cyclic production of progesterone. In response to this imbalance, thepituitary increases the synthesis and release of the FSH hormone, which in women is responsible, in fact, to promote the growth of ovarian follicles.
The blood chemistry tests of the postmenopausal woman show a increased level of pituitary hormones (gonadotropins) FSH and LH and a substantial decrease in estrogen and progesterone levels»Adds Professor Spalluto.
Why you get fat in menopause
“Even after menopause, the ovaries continue to produce small amounts of androgens and estrogens, but it is above all the adipose tissue to make up for ovarian activity through the production of another type of estrogen, theestrone, a less effective hormone than the main estrogen produced by the ovaries (beta-estradiol).
The in short, the body is equipped to make up for ovarian activity. Adipose tissue therefore functions as an endocrine organ as it is capable of producing estrone hormones in the case of menopause.
Hence it follows that a small weight gain in menopause (3/5 kg) is physiological and can help prevent the effects of the sudden drop in ovarian estrogen which can lead to the development of even serious diseases (increased incidence of cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, etc.).
Symptoms of menopause
«The drop and fluctuation in estrogen levels are responsible for a whole series of physical and psychological changes that we could define as “symptoms of menopause”. The hot flashes, called “boilers”, it seems they are mainly attributable toincreased FSH»Explains Spalluto. There are also other symptoms that herald and accompany perimenopause, which can last for months or years before menopause ends.
Certain foods and plants can help reduce fat even in menopause. “Cannella, bitter melon, banana, are hypoglycemic foods and therefore serve to limit the accumulation of abdominal fat », explains Professor Spalluto. Then there are the draining, which can also be taken regularly in the form of herbal teas: Dandelion, made Maria, Artichoke, birch, pilosella. If taken as supplements have a stronger action because they are concentrated. But they can also be used as food, or in addition to the usual dishes. The action of the fibers is fundamental for improve intestinal activity. For example, the fibers to “fill the stomach” giving a sense of satiety are even better as food: oats, psillium, flax seeds. The glucomannan, on the other hand, it is better as a supplement “, explains the expert. In any case, before taking any supplement it is necessary to talk to your doctor, since even natural remedies can interfere with other drugs or with the activity of various organs .
Do not resign yourself to ailments: the Centers for Menopause
The gradual decline in libido, joint pain, vaginal dryness and vaginal disorders such as cystitis and candida, mood swings, a certain propensity for depression, the rise in blood pressure and cholesterol values. This is why it is essential do not resign yourself to suffer the effects of this new phase of life, but talk to your doctor or gynecologist. And if they underestimate the problem, it’s best to seek out another specialist who takes it seriously. There are many hospitals or private centers dedicated to menopausal women, which deal with its effects in a multidisciplinary way. Just google “menopause center”.
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