A massacre within the massacre. Twenty years after theSept. 11 2001 are still being felt heavily pathologies, physical and psychological, which affected i survivors upon the collapse, the residents and rescuers intervened in the area of Twin Towers. Are approximately 25mil people affected by tumors, chronic diseases lung and digestive system, as well as strong mental disorders from post-traumatic stress. A large group of patients, however destined to increase further, which today is assisted by the World Trade Center Health Program, the program of monitoring funded by the US government to monitor the health conditions of those exposed to the dust of the toxic cloud resulting from the explosion and collapse of the towers.
“The subscribers to the program are over 100mila, of which 50 thousand undergo regular checks. Of these, about half are affected by one or more diseases related to the 9/11 disaster, ”he explains Roberto Lucchini, professor of Occupational and Environmental Medicine at the University of Brescia, now employed at the Miami School of Public Health. He adds: “The collapse of the towers caused a toxic cloud full of pollutants: asbestos, dioxins, heavy metals“. All substances that have in the medium term compromised health of those who breathed them. Among the most common pathologies is the cancerAccording to the doctor, the incidence of tumors among the members of the program is in fact about 10-20% higher than the national average. These are mostly forms affecting the skin (6,403 cases), prostate (5,197), breast (1,839), thyroid (1270), lungs and bronchi (1,169) but also melanomi (1.505), lymphomas (1.324) e leukemia (854). And that could continue to appear, explains Lucchini: “Some substances can cause tumors that develop over a long period of time: for example, asbestos can cause tumors even after 30 years of exposure”.
Not just cancerous diseases though. In fact, diseases related to cloud exposure also includeasthma, the broncopneumopatia chronic obstructive, the pulmonary fibrosis, Besides rhinitis e sinusiti. Then there are those who suffer from chronic gastroesophageal reflux while almost one fifth of the 100 thousand “veterans” of the attack has disturbi menali: it is precisely 18,989 people. “Now the research is also working on the cognitive impact caused by the catastrophe. And not just on the effects from post traumatic stress“, Explains Lucchini. This is because the dust that rose in the air after the collapse of the two skyscrapers contained many substances harmful to the nervous system. “The development of cases of dementia it is a new fact that we are observing. Memory loss or even abnormal concentration difficulties in under 65s could in fact be a wake-up call for diagnosis of Alzheimer“, he added.
Not only. From a study on the incidence of Covid conducted from January to August 2020 and published on the site Plos One, the rate of positivity the virus stands at 22% on the 6,600 ex rescuers of the World Trade Center that made up the sample being analyzed. An incidence practically double compared to the national average recorded in the United States, equal to 1,262 infected every 10 thousand inhabitants, that is 12.5%. The damage to their lungs makes them more vulnerable to the coronavirus.