The Scientific Report on Population, edited by the Italian Association for Population Studies, which highlights how Italy is a country with record demographic levels, as reported by Askanews. Extreme numbers, which have become even more exceptional due to the coronavirus pandemic that hit the world last year.
Covid, life expectancy and number of births in Italy collapse
In 2020 it reached an all-time low of new born. They were alone 404 thousand. The process has been accelerated since baby bust, that is, the collapse of births found all over the world in this period of uncertainty, but is part of the trends observed in recent years in Italy.
In fact, we are experiencing a new period of decline and uncertainty triggered by the economic crisis ten years ago, which blocked the increase in the number of children per woman that had been observed from 1995 to 2010.
Life expectancy at birth before Covid reached very high levels, exceeding 83 years in 2018. The pandemic has brought this value down to levels not seen since 2011, also due to a much higher number of deaths to the average of the previous five years, plus 100 thousand.
The population grows thanks toimmigration, with the number of foreigners residents in the beautiful country quadrupled in the last 20 years. The “new Italians” are the8,8% of the total population.
Italy is therefore characterized by extreme demographic levels, which concern the structure aged by age, the low fertility and the long transition of young people to the state adult. Not just bad records, though. We are a country where the life span is very long, in a society strongly characterized by strong family ties.
The proposal to get out of post Covid demographic exceptionalism
Right at the family the Aisp Report dedicates an important reflection on the direction that the policy will have to follow in 2021 and in the years to come. More attention will need to be paid to sound welfare policies towards young people, made more vulnerable, discouraged and employees by parents of European peers.
And allow them to create new families. “It is no coincidence that family size is unequivocally associated with risk of poverty, especially in our country ”, Cecilia Tomassini, director of CNEL, explained to Askanews.
“Family behaviors change, but the welfare Italian remains exceptional, in a negative sense, in the inability to support large families ”, he stressed.
Aisp also photographs the forts inequalities in the Peninsula, which are not limited to the level of education and age, but also to the place of birth and residence.
In addition to the historic gap between North and South, in recent years there have been strong differences between the center and the periphery, with municipalities and cities in situations of suffering and others that are reborn thanks to the more enlightened administrations.
After the pandemic, another return to the normality, or at least a demography considered in line with other Western countries, with policies against Italy’s exceptionalism.
Funds from the Nex Generation Eu could therefore be invested in new generations and in overcoming territorial gaps, and only in this way will it be possible to truly get out of the crisis created by the pandemic and the mechanisms that have so far blocked the country’s growth.