The paid work three euros an hour? What’s more, without rest and sickness? Simply out of the rules. On the beach as in the restaurant or hotel. The Italian seaside syndicate (Sib), la Italian federation of public businesses (Fipe) e Federalberghi define “marginal and pathological “cases of illegal or gray work that emerged from the video investigation de ilfattoquotidiano.it on the conditions of seasonal workers (FIRST EPISODE/SECOND EPISODE). Although the 2020 Annual Report ofNational Labor Inspectorate highlights how the problem is real: on the basis of the inspections carried out, the tertiary sector highlighted an irregularity rate of 66.62%. With a peak of 73.74% in accommodation and catering services where out of 9,408 controls were found 6,937 irregularities. Over 10,400 workers involved, of which 4,830 totally illegally. These are obviously small numbers compared to employees in the sector (2.4 million hotels and restaurants), but, as often happens, the official statistics they only detect part of the problem. Especially for the seaside sector. The representatives of these sectors, however, tend to minimize.
For the Bb, a rethinking of the contracts could help to contain the phenomenon of irregularities. Provided that the specific nature of seasonal activities is taken into account, carried out by over 33 thousand family-run micro-enterprises which are heavily exposed to the weather. The Fipe instead argues that the cases of exploitation are “exceptional and isolated” in a situation “complex”For a sector that has lost nearly 41 billion in turnover between 2020 and the first quarter of 2021. Moreover, in the catering sector, the contract that protects workers has existed since 2018. “With CGIL, Cisl e Uil we have signed a national category contract – he explains Luciano Sbraga, deputy director of Fipe – We believe it. The contract must be applied without shortcuts. Those who do not apply it must be sanctioned. Welcome checks and fines to avoid unfair competition. But let’s avoid sterile controversies in one really complicated post-emergency context“. Also for Federalberghi, “It cannot be excluded that there are cases of non-application or incorrect application of contracts, but the numbers ofInps they speak for themselves: the sector employs a 1.2 million totally regular people. But ”, is the position of the general manager Alessandro Nucara, “It is not possible to share a representation of the sector as a realm of exploitation”.
It also minimizes the problem Antonio Capacchione, national president of the Each other, according to which essentially “phenomena of undeclared work, underpaid or paid only in part in paychecks exist in all sectors. This is why we must not make a bundle of all grass ”. In short: so do everyone. And therefore “the criticalities certainly exist, but they are substantially in line with those of other sectors, as certified by the Labor Inspectorate and the Revenue Agency. Also because in Italy there is a heavy system of sanctions ”. As for the complained about the difficulty in finding staff for the season, Capacchione repeats the refrain according to which the blame lies with the subsidies: “First of all, the measures in support of income had in a certain sense of the distorting effects. Suffice it to say that among the workers there are also those who explicitly ask to work illegally so as not to lose subsidies ”. But he admits that there is also a more concrete problem: “I haven’t been there for two years training courses. The case of the lifeguards is striking: in this period no i lifesaving patents with the result that today we have a great shortage of lifeguards, essential for both the establishments and the free beaches “.
Analogous speech for the restaurant that, after having created jobs for ten years, in the Covid era, has lost 243 thousand employees, half of whom are permanent. “Today companies are no longer able to recover highly skilled workers also because the sector has lost credibility – Sbraga continues – Many of the most valid and qualified workers have moved to other sectors because they are afraid of finding themselves in difficulty in October, perhaps because of new ones variants of the virus. Avoiding sterile polemics on illegal work, on social safety nets and their distorting effects, I would like to say that the situation is very complex and varied also according to the size of the company “.