In the last week, the number of new coronavirus cases registered has remained below twenty thousand, the pressure on intensive care units has been contained in all regions and the number of deaths has also dropped significantly compared to the previous seven days. The data are now quite clear and say that the epidemiological situation is under control throughout Italy.
As the weeks go by, the monitoring that follows one another marks increasingly better data than the trend of recent months and even many of the most cautious experts have found that the effects of the vaccine are evident. Thanks to the new supplies and the increase in daily doses, further protection will be guaranteed even for the younger age groups after the elderly, most at risk, have been vaccinated in recent months.
The protection of people over 80 has led to a decrease in the median age of inmates. In the latest surveillance bulletin published by the Higher Institute of Health, we read that the median age at first admission, 62 years, is decreasing, as is that of entry into intensive care, 65.5 years: a trend attributable to the higher vaccination coverage among the older sections of the population, who are therefore more protected.
In the past week, 19,194 new coronavirus cases have been found, 30.7 percent fewer than in the previous seven days.
The drop in deaths is even more significant: in the last week there were 549, 38.9 fewer than in the previous seven days. As already mentioned several times in the monitoring, the death curve is the last to drop because it follows a delayed trend of two to three weeks compared to that of the new positives.
In the last week there has also been a significant drop in the number of swabs performed and people tested, probably due to the effect of June 2, Republic Day. One million and 294 thousand swabs were performed against 1.6 million in the previous seven days and 390 thousand people were tested for the first time, compared to 482 thousand last week.
The drop in case detection and contact tracing also affected the positive swab rate, which has no longer dropped as it has in recent weeks, but has remained stable. The positive rate of the rapid antigen tests also remained stable.
From 31 May three regions – Friuli Venezia Giulia, Sardinia and Molise – returned to being in the white zone, with fewer restrictions to contain the epidemic: they are the first three regions in which an incidence of infections was recorded for three consecutive weeks from coronavirus less than 50 weekly cases per 100 thousand inhabitants. Over the past seven days, the situation in these three regions has remained under control and many other regions have recorded white zone values. The only region that exceeded the threshold of 50 cases per week for every 100,000 inhabitants was the Aosta Valley.
The province with the highest incidence was Catania, in Sicily, where 83 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants were found in the last seven days. In Oristano, in Sardinia, less infected were found: 6 per 100 thousand inhabitants in the last seven days. But the incidence was also very low in the South Sardinia province, in Campobasso in Molise and Pescara in Abruzzo: in all three provinces 9 cases were found for every 100 thousand inhabitants.
The graph below shows some of the most encouraging data, i.e. the percentage of ICU beds occupied by COVID-19 patients out of the total available places. As can be seen, all regions remained below 20 percent.
The trend of new admissions to intensive care is also very clear: in recent weeks the trend has been in sharp decline. Of note are the cases of Molise and the autonomous province of Bolzano, where there have been no new admissions to intensive care in the last seven days.
At the moment in Italy 24.6 million people have received at least the first dose of the coronavirus vaccine, and of these 12.3 million are fully vaccinated. 39.9 percent of the population therefore received at least one dose and more than 22 percent completed the vaccination course. In the last seven days the threshold of 500 thousand daily administrations has been exceeded several times, even if on Wednesday 2 June there was a decrease due to the public holiday.
Furthermore, from Thursday 3 June all the regions were able to open vaccine reservations to all age groups and administrations have also begun within companies. As has already happened since the beginning of the vaccination campaign, it is up to the individual regions to decide when to open reservations even to the youngest, so the times and methods will differ from region to region.
The map shows the percentage of people vaccinated in Italy: within each region is the percentage of people who have received at least one dose, while the color indicates the percentage of people who have completed the vaccination cycle.
In this graph you can see the trend of administrations in the various states of the world.