Young people are interested in cars less and less. This is the most significant data that emerged in the latest edition of “Self-portrait 2020”, the statistical publication edited byAci which provides an overall picture of the car fleet of regions, provinces and municipalities as at 31 December 2020. The analysis shows how only one in eight “under 25” (12.2%) own a car. In 2011, the ratio was 1 to 5 (20.8%): practically in ten years the percentage has almost halved (-41.3%). What are the reasons for such a sharp decline in car ownership? According to the ACI study, it is first of all one question of management costs, equal to about 260 euros per month in 2020. Then there are the new forms of mobility, such as microcars and car sharing services, as well as those for sharing bicycles and electric scooters, all solutions that young and very young seem to prefer to car.
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On the other hand, the groups of car owners are quite different “over 50”, which between 2011 and 2020 recorded an increase of 7.6% (age 51-60) and 20.2% (age 61-70), while among the “over 70” the growth was even 38.3%. Another worrying data concerns the age of the circulating fleet, which is confirmed as the oldest in Europe: in Italy, to date, 3,800,000 cars (9.6% of the total) were registered before 1993, almost all Euro 0 and with at least 28 years career on their shoulders. The oldest cars are found mainly in the South (Campania 18.1%, Calabria 15.7%, Sicily 14.1%). There are fewer in the North (Trentino Alto Adige 2.9%, Valle D’Aosta 3.1%, Veneto 6%).
Italy accuses a certain delay also in the diffusion of ecological models: there are 2,678,656 LPG cars (6.7% of the car park), 978,832 methane cars (2.5%), 542,728 hybrids (1.4%) and 53,579 electric cars (0.1%). All together they make up 10.7% of the fleet in circulation (they were 9.8% in 2019). In this context, the most virtuous regions in percentage values, compared to the total working capital, are Marche and Emilia Romagna, followed by Umbria and Veneto, while the less “green” ones are Valle D’Aosta and Sardinia. In absolute terms, however, Emilia Romagna, with almost 600,000 units, is the region with the highest number of ecological cars, followed by Lombardy and Campania. Finally, the data relating to theincrease in electrified cars (pure electric and hybrid): on average, growth between 2019 and 2020 is close to 67%, with peaks of 170% in Valle D’Aosta and 139% in Basilicata.