If the solution to the expensive bill will be the sterilization of VAT or a new cut like the one put in place in July, we will understand soon. Also because the government is working to try to reduce the effects of the sharp increases for electricity and gas arriving in the autumn. “We need to think about how a bill is constructed, the calculation method must be rewritten. We are doing it in these hours, ”underlined the Minister of Ecological Transition Roberto Cingolani. But, in the meantime, it may be useful to clarify what we pay in the bill of a typical customer of the greater protection (family or micro-enterprise) with the expenditure destined for energy and with the outlay that instead goes to cover the so-called “system charges” which have become via away more and more significant. Here are the main items to understand more.
1- Which items are included in the expenditure for energy matter?
According to the indications of the Authority for Energy, Networks and the Environment (Arera), which has been working for some time to improve the readability and understanding of the energy bill, the first page of the bill indicates the average unit cost of the kilowatt hour / standard. cubic meter, as the ratio between total expenditure and billed consumption. This set includes several pieces, starting with the expenditure for energy, which groups together the costs of supplying electricity or gas and those for retail sales. Two elements that weigh, with respect to the total outlay, respectively for almost 52% and 75% in the electricity bill and for about 38% and 6.2% in the gas bill.
2 – What do the costs on transport and meter management cover?
Together with the outlay destined to cover energy, there is also the expense for the transport and management of the meter which constitutes, between electricity and gas, more or less 16-17% of the total expenditure and which covers all distribution, measurement, transport and equalization services for distribution and transmission. This is basically the support that goes to cover the costs to transport and distribute the energy used in our homes on the networks and to manage and read the meters, as well as the data of their readings.
3 – Which activities are financed by the system charges?
The other substantial item is that relating to the so-called system charges: these are expenses that finance activities of general interest for the national electricity system, introduced over time by specific regulatory measures. Over the years, the burdens have been increasing and this has opened the debate on the advisability of withdrawing from the bill. The Authority, for its part, has repeatedly insisted on the need for their revision which could pass from their transfer to general taxation.
4 – What is the Asos component?
The rates of general charges to be applied to all types of contract are divided into general charges relating to the support of renewable energy and cogeneration (Asos) and remaining charges (Arim). The first includes the charges that go to support the incentives for renewable sources and Cip 6/92 cogeneration. This last piece refers to a measure, adopted by the government in 1992, which essentially rewards the energy produced by third parties and sold to the national electricity grid that has been produced from green sources, waste or high efficiency plants. Within the Asos component, there are also the costs that cover the concessions for companies with a high consumption of electricity (also known as “energy eaters”).