“The price increases are there for all to see and unite different sectors. The feeling we have is that a sort of ‘Covid tax’ has been applied that weighs on the shoulders of consumers ”. These are the words of Giovanna Capuzzo, vice president of Federconsumatori, who outlines to HuffPost a picture of the increases we will face during this summer. “We are collecting reports of increases in food prices, such as seasonal fruit and vegetables, increases in bars and restaurants, in personal services, in the energy sector, in the tourism sector and so on. Our concern is that attempts are made to compensate for the losses incurred during the pandemic. For this reason, in many cases, we are sending reports to the competent authorities ”.
But which are the sectors in which the price increases will be stronger? We have collected a few.
Electricity and gas
The increases in the bill for the next quarter will start from 1 July. Arera, the Energy Authority, has announced the new tariffs that represent a real sting for consumers: + 9.9% for electricity and + 15.3% for gas. In a note, Arera explains that “the sharp increase in the prices of raw materials – in continuous growth since the beginning of the year due to the recovery of the economies after the declines due to the pandemic – as well as the decisive increase in the prices of CO2 emission permits, would have led to an increase of about 20% in the electricity bill, if the government had not intervened with an emergency measure to reduce the need to collect general charges in the next quarter bill ”.
In terms of final effects for the next quarter, for electricity, the expenditure for the typical household in the rolling year (between 1 October 2020 and 30 September 2021) will be around 559 euros, with a variation of + 12% compared to the equivalent 12 months of the previous year (1 October 2019 – 30 September 2020), corresponding to an increase of approximately 62.4 euros on an annual basis. In the same period, the typical household’s expenditure for the gas bill will be around 993 euros, with a variation of -1.3% compared to the equivalent 12 months of the previous year, corresponding to a reduction of around 13 euros on an annual basis. .
According to Coldiretti, the increase in tariffs not only weighs on household accounts, but also on business costs and makes production more expensive in a difficult time for the country. With the arrival of summer, these are particularly significant charges for the agri-food sector, which concern the refrigeration services of foodstuffs to the cooling of stables and work rooms as well as the operation of production lines and milking machinery.
Little consolation for families in a state of economic hardship: from July the automatism is definitively active that allows those who are entitled to it (households with Isee not exceeding 8,265 euros, 20,000 if with more than 3 children) to be credited in their bills, in automatically in the coming months, the social discount bonus for electricity and gas, which will include the concessions already calculated from the beginning of the year. In any case, this is a “near-record sting”, according to Marco Vignola, head of the energy sector of the National Consumers Union. “For gas – he says – never since there have been quarterly tariff updates established by the Authority, ie since January 2003, have there been such high increases, while for electricity this is the third largest increase ever. Now we are hoping, however, for an overall reform of the system charges to permanently reduce bills ”.
The price of gasoline is also skyrocketing. According to the processing of Quotidiano Energia, in self mode it rises to 1,628 euros / liter, for diesel the average price charged is 1,489 euros / liter, the maximum value from January 2020. According to Codacons, there is an increase in expenditure of 270 euros per year for each family. “Today a liter of petrol costs 16% more than in the same period of 2020. says president Carlo Rienzi – while 15.5% more is spent on diesel. This means that for a full tank of petrol a motorist now spends 11.2 euros more than last year, +10 euros for a full tank of diesel ”. An increase of 16.1% and 15.6% respectively ”.
Italian holidays are the most affected. The president of Assoutenti Furio Truzzi denounces: “After a year of limits to travel and departures, the prices at the pump recorded a strong increase in conjunction with the resumption of the movements of Italians. A situation that will make Italians’ summer holidays particularly ‘salty’, because the rush of fuels will lead to higher expenses both for refueling and for a whole series of goods and services whose prices are directly affected by the gasoline trend. and diesel fuel “. Assoutenti therefore asks the Draghi government to intervene “to sanction any speculation linked to the departures of Italians, and to study measures to sterilize the excessive taxation that prevails on fuels in Italy”.
It will be a very salty summer for those who decide to rent a car, on vacation or not. Prices are on the rise: according to Federconsumatori monitoring, on average, in the week of June examined, the rental of a car (medium-sized petrol sedan) costs, without additional insurance and ancillary costs, about 380 euros. The same car, in the central week of July under consideration, costs about 737 euros, with an increase of + 84% compared to June. Finally, in August, in the week from 16 to 22, the rental cost on average amounts to 707 euros, plus 77% on June. According to the aforementioned monitoring, the highest costs are applied to Bari, Palermo, Catania and Olbia. The biggest increases compared to June are in the stations of Milano Centrale, Turin and Naples airport in July (with increases reaching + 310%). Even compared to last year, the increases are definitely out of control, continues the association: they amount on average to + 45% but with peaks of + 227% if you rent a car in the middle week of August.
According to Giuseppe Benincasa, general manager of Aniasa, the National Association of the Car Rental, Sharing Mobility and Digital Automotive Industry, “an increase in prices in the world of tourism in the so-called peak periods is completely physiological. Think of hotels, villages, airplanes, etc. “. The price increase, in the case of rental, could also be linked to a “shortage of fleet due to the crisis in the auto sector that does not produce enough vehicles (shortage of microchips and closure of some factories in Europe) which consequently reduces the ability to offer to the public “:” The automotive industry, which in the last 18 months has suffered the heavy impact of the pandemic – he says – is now grappling with an unexpected shortage of chips globally, which has forced manufacturers to plan temporary closures of factories, canceling or rescheduling in many cases the production of cars and vans “.
Entertainment (water parks, swimming pools)
Compared to 2020, in the second year marked by the epidemiological emergency, there is a strong increase in bookings in water parks, with peaks of + 21%. The Federconsumatori National Observatory monitored the costs of a day at a water park, noting the differences with the data for 2020. The cost of tickets fell compared to last year, both for full tickets (-7%) and for those reduced (-10%), probably in an attempt to encourage attendance. The increases, on the other hand, are hidden inside the park: they concern food and the services that visitors can use (+ 3% for coffee and ice cream). Overall, a day in a water park for 4 people, 2 adults and 2 children, costs a good 202.20 euros in 2021, 1.6% more than in 2020.
The desire to restart, together with the forecast of a greater turnout on Italian beaches, has produced a general lowering of rates at the establishments, which are equipped to welcome customers with various proposals. The ONF – National Observatory Federconsumatori has in fact carried out the usual monitoring of the prices of bathing services, which in 2021 show costs more similar to those of the summer of 2019. However, the costs of the seasonal and monthly pass are increasing (from 780 it goes to 800 with a variation of 3%), in addition to the rent of the pedal boat. Instead, especially in this phase, daily subscriptions are encouraged with offers and promotions. Among the new services, the costs for the dog area and the Latvian x2 are growing.