“What is one of the phrases we hear often? When a woman has had a child and has to decide whether to return to work, it is better to give up work because, on balance, the balance between the costs of caring for the child at home without grandparents and what is lost when leaving work are an incentive to leave work. This is a defeat for Italy ”. Thus begins the democratic secretary Enrico Letta who, in a press conference called by the Democratic Party, launched the Tasp, that is the subsidized tax of the second income earner in low-income families and in favor of women who return to work after maternity. Not just any proposal because Letta said it clearly: “It is a reform for which we will fight within the Draghi government that goes hand in hand with the dowry for 18 year olds”. Thus the bill of the Democratic Party, which sees as the first signatory the leader of the Democratic Party in the Chamber Debora Serracchiani, becomes one of the workhorses of the center-left in these months of electoral campaign that look to the elections of the coming years, starting with the autumn administrative offices.
The pillars of the Democratic Party
Letta’s is increasingly a party aimed at looking at women, young people and civil rights. The Tasp is one of the pillars of projects to put women back at the center and prevent the country from going back to a culture of separation of the person between the role of mother and that of a professional. Serracchiani mentioned the other two pillars: “The first pillar is the single allowance, which is an extraordinary tool for the birth rate and also for helping families; the second pillar is this, that is, the subsidized taxation of the second recipient which serves to encourage female employment and to help women return to work after a period of maternity; on the other, the law on wage equality in the Labor Commission in the Chamber ”.
What does the Tasp foresee
So what does the Tasp consist of.
- Allocates the current deduction for dependent spouse in favor of the second earner in the family (for families with Isee of 30,000 euros) for the first 3 years of work provided that the income of the second recipient does not exceed 40,000 euros, transforming the current deductions in personal income tax credits in order to grant the benefit even in the case of tax inability;
- It recognizes a tax credit corresponding to 30 per cent of parental leave to workers who return to work after the period of compulsory maternity leave;
- It encourages families who are entitled to citizenship income by providing the possibility of continuing to benefit from 50 percent of citizenship income by the second recipient who returns to the world of work.
The first point means that if a person has a family member to pay for his expenses (an unemployed spouse or a child), on the basis of a series of parameters, he can have deductions on Irpef (income tax). With the proposal of the Democratic Party, that deduction goes directly in favor of the second earner, who in Italy are almost always women. Therefore, the personal income tax deductions automatically become tax credits (a tax discount) to be required by the state for women. The amount of this Tasp is 700 euros per year up to 29,000 euros of new income (in the form of a tax credit). To scale, from 700 euros to zero, up to 40 thousand euros (in the form of a deduction).
The second point is equivalent to a discount on taxes for those who already provide parental leave and can be used up to the third year of the child’s life to be used for the care and education of minor children.
The third point delivers the Citizenship Income also for those who work, albeit in half the form. Not only because at the expiry of the citizenship income, for the following 18 months, the woman will be able to demand a tax credit corresponding to half of the average daily salary (in any case not exceeding € 500 per month) for the care and education of children. minors.
In short, money for women who will be able to have a livelihood in case they want to go back to work and do not know how to afford the babysitter or any other childcare service. Today it would be taken for granted to give up work to be a “mother”. But the Democrats are convinced that it can be both and with the Tasp, this becomes easier.
So the Democratic Party is thinking of giving a boost to women who too often have to choose between a career and the dream of becoming mothers. On this the secretary Letta also specifies how, from a cultural point of view, the answer can never be to go back, telling women that they can avoid working to have more children. “Those who theorize this – continues Letta – should go and read the studies of other European countries. We are the country with the lowest birth rate in Europe but also with the lowest female employment rate. The two are connected because in other countries, those with high numbers of female employment also have fewer problems with birth rates ”. The Tasp thus becomes the battle for the women of the Democratic Party because, concludes Letta, “we need revolutionary measures and we will fight on this”.