The hantavirus normally lasts between two and four weeks. If left untreated, its complications can be fatal. Here are the symptoms, the means of contagion and the treatments.
Mouse fever, hantavirus worries theItaly where the first case was registered, in Friuli-Venezia Giulia. In Slovenia are over 200 confirmed cases. Here’s what it is, what symptoms to watch out for, and how to treat it.
HANTAVIRUS, WHAT IT IS AND HOW IT IS INFECTED
As reported by the Ministry of Health, the infection occurs by direct contact with faeces, saliva, urine from infected rodents or by inhalation of viruses through rodent droppings.
Hantavirus diseases can be characterized by kidney involvement (nephritis) and bleeding or by a pulmonary syndrome.
These are acute diseases in which the vascular endothelium is damaged with a consequent increase in vascular permeability, hypotension, hemorrhagic manifestations and shock.
Important examples are:
- haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS)
- epidemic nephropathy, a mild form of HFRS
- hantavirus pulmonary syndrome.
In Europe, hantavirus diseases are spreading both in number of cases and in infected areas. The animal reservoir characterizes hantavirus infections as typical zoonoses.
FEVER OF THE MOUSE, SYMPTOMS AND DIAGNOSIS
The reason for the proliferation of the virus outbreaks probably lies in the increase in the number of mice and the food they find available in nature. The only way to get one certain diagnosis consists incultural examination.
Between most common symptoms of “rat fever”, which usually lasts between two and four weeks: high fever, chills, headache, severe pain in the stomach and abdomen, pain in the eyeballs, conjunctivitis, redness of the face, inflammation, induration , ulcers and haemorrhages at the site of the possible bite, with associated regional lymphadenopathy, migrant polyarthralgia and septic arthritis.
Despite the simplicity of the treatment of the disease, “mouse fever” should not be neglected as it can lead to serious complications such as epidemic nephropathy, hemorrhages and pulmonary syndromes similar to those of Covid-19.
HANTAVIRUS, PREVENTION AND CARE
There is no vaccine for hantavirus. THE drugs used for treatment are on penicillin or doxycycline, for a period of 7-10 days.
Per prevent contagion it is good to wash your hands thoroughly and frequently, do not sit on the ground in the areas affected by the virus and wear a mask if you are cleaning contaminated areas.