“The reasons for the conflict are precisely in the tumultuous growth of a sector in which organizational models have imposed themselves that have led to a squeeze of rights and wages. Downstream of the large platforms that respect the national contract, there is a long supply chain on which all the costs were discharged through the procurement and subcontracting mechanism “. Thus, in an interview with ‘la Repubblica’, the Minister of Labor Andrea Orlando talks about the logistics sector, which is worth 9% of GDP and is the one that has grinded the most profits and has never stopped during the pandemic, in the aftermath of the tragic end of Adil Belakhdim, the trade unionist of the Si Cobas hit by a truck while participating in a demonstration in Biandrate (Novara). “In the face of companies that sign the national contract – says Orlando – we then find ourselves concretely with false cooperatives that apply different contracts, or that disguise forms of exploitation, or use illegal labor, often of blackmailed immigrants”.
But there is another question, according to Orlando “even more subtle and more difficult for the state and the workers to control”, which is the algorithm that governs logistics. “There is the risk of having a nice signed contract on paper – says the minister – and then a digital algorithm that marks times and shifts. An algorithm within which no one is able to look and which becomes the real contract to be respected. For this reason, before the clashes in Lodi or the death of Adil took place, we opened a table with the supply chain to have a discussion on this. task force with the Labor Inspectorate, INPS, and Revenue Agency and representatives of the other competent ministries to understand what is happening “.
Enforcing trade union rights to an algorithm based abroad “will not be easy: the extra-territoriality of the jurisdiction cannot be an alibi; it is no coincidence that it will be the subject of the G20. I must say that we are seeing some progress with the big companies. Amazon for example, at first he resisted confrontation, then he gave his availability “. It will not be easy because, explains the minister, “also for the trade unions it is a totally new challenge: how do you negotiate with an algorithm that risks making the national contract meaningless? We are all entering a different world”.
As for the figure of the navigators, “it will be overcome with the strengthening of the employment centers. They too will participate in the selection of the personnel to be hired, with an acknowledgment of their experience. Having said that, I reject the propaganda against navigators: they are become the easy target of the enemies of citizenship income “, underlines Orlando.
And on the possibility of linking the income of citizenship to the level of education, he explains: “This is what we are studying together with Minister Bianchi. We want to introduce a link between the RdC and adult education, because it is clear that the employability of a worker who has the fifth grade is very low. One of the conditionalities of the contract between the State and the RdC recipient will be precisely education. The State supports you, but in exchange you go back to school “.