The management of migratory flows is a slippery political terrain, for the EU as well as for the United States. And so it is for Kamala Harris, vice president of the United States who was appointed to manage the migrant issue in late March. During his first official visit abroad – in Central America – Harris appealed to potential illegal migrants from Guatemala and other neighboring countries to “do not come” Why “You will be sent back”. The vice president went to the Central American country to discuss the migration phenomenon with the Guatemalan president Alejandro Giammattei. “I want to be clear with the people of this region that they are considering undertaking the dangerous journey to the border between the United States and Mexico. Don’t come, ”Harris said, adding that“ there are ways tolegal immigration and it is these that must be traveled ”.
The goal ofBiden administration – claimed the US vice president – is to help Guatemalans and Mexicans find hope staying at their home, creating different conditions in the countries of Central America. For this Harris has discouraged potential migrants, urging them not to show up at the borders. “The United States will continue to protect borders“, He added speaking of” most people who do not want to leave the place where they grew up “, but are often forced to do so” because they simply cannot meet their basic needs while staying at home “. According to Harris, the solution to the problem cannot be running away, but rather “working together” to create different, more favorable conditions in these countries.
During the visit, the number two of the White House also announced various initiatives in support of the local reality: a task force that deals with human trafficking, one that fights the corruption and help local authorities prosecute cases and afemale emancipation. Corruption, in fact, together with poverty and organized crime, is one of the causes of strong immigration. Harris also promised financial support, in addition to sending half a million doses of the vaccine to curb the pandemic. Administration Biden, which promised a more humane approach to the immigration problem, has already been accused on several fronts: Republicans blame the White House for letting too many migrants pass, creating a “crisis” on the southern border, while the more radical wing of the Democratic party accuses Biden of not having changed theTrump’s approach, keeping the migration policies of the previous administration substantially unchanged.
A situation, the one that the American president’s team is facing today, which is the direct consequence of an approach to immigration, especially from the southern border, which in the election campaign seemed to want to mark a clear break compared to Trump’s season of in and of cages for migrants in detention centers on the Mexican border. Already in the days preceding Joe Biden’s inauguration, hundreds of thousands of people from Central and South America had embarked on the journey to the USA, finding themselves crowded on the border with the Mexico. The hope of fewer restrictions and looser controls had sparked an unexpected exodus for Washington. So much so that promises of a change of course were postponed until May, when the Biden administration decided to raise the quota of refugees in a fiscal year from 15 thousand in the Trump era to 62,500, with the president who however admitted that he was unable to meet this goal. As soon as he was elected, Biden immediately signed some executive orders which, among other things, have canceled some of the most contested pillars of Trump’s immigration policy: via the ban on arrivals to the United States from seven countries with a Muslim majority, created a task-force which aims to reunite separated families on the Mexican border, has blocked funds for the construction of the wall, has implemented reception policies for LGBTQ refugees, canceled the measure that makes it more difficult for migrants to obtain a visa to the United States who will make use of social benefits such as Medicaid. However, measures considered insufficient by the left wing of the Democratic Party. Now, with some allies calling for more effort and conservatives accusing the presidency of spurring indiscriminate immigration, Kamala Harris’ appeal to potential Latin American migrants seems like the strategy chosen to stave off the problem. from the American borders.