In Peru, the ballot for the ballot of Sunday’s presidential elections has not yet been concluded, in which left-wing activist Pedro Castillo and right-wing populist Keiko Fujimori participated. With 96 per cent of the ballots scrutinized, the two candidates are separated by a few tens of thousands of votes: Castillo has recovered the initial disadvantage thanks to the scrutiny of the ballots of rural areas, where he has more supporters, while Fujimori, who in turn could benefit from the votes of voters residing abroad, he denounced alleged irregularities, but without providing any evidence.
In any case, the new or new president of Peru will be elected or elected in the last vote, and it is very likely that the losing candidate will contest the result.
According to the partial results, so far Castillo has obtained 50.3 percent of the votes against Fujimori’s 49.7 percent, with an advantage of just under 100,000 ballots. During the election campaign both candidates had said they were worried about possible fraud, but so far only Fujimori has spoken openly, and in addition to the count not yet completed.
Fujimori said on Monday that “there is a clear intention to boycott the will of the people” and claimed to have evidence of irregularity in the counting of the ballots, which she said would constitute election fraud. At the same time, Forza Popolare, the populist right-wing party of which it is the leader, launched the hashtag FraudeEnMesa, or polluting fraud, on social networks.
Fujimori, however, did not provide any concrete evidence, and indeed the international observers of the Inter-American Union of Electoral Bodies (UNIORE) said that the elections in Peru “were organized correctly and effectively in compliance with national and international standards” and not they observed no irregularities. In a
spread on Twitter, the head of the Electoral Observers Mission of the Organization of American States (OEA), Rubén Ramiréz, complimented the Peruvian electoral authorities for organizing “a process of enormous complexity” in the midst of the coronavirus pandemic and moreover in a context of “great political polarization”.
Mensaje del Jefe de la Misión de Observación Electoral #OEAenPerú @rramirezlezcano en el que felicita al pueblo peruano por la realización de una jornada electoral democrática y pacífica #VotemosPerú pic.twitter.com/H0ZMtdU7RW— OEA (@OEA_oficial) June 7, 2021
Castillo is 51 years old, a former teacher and head of the Marxist-inspired Peru Free party. He set up his election campaign by arguing that these elections were a class struggle between rich and poor, and saying that if he is elected he will eliminate inequalities in the country.
Fujimori, leader of Forza Popolare, is 46 years old and is best known for being the daughter of Alberto Fujimori, who in turn was president of Peru from 1990 to 2000, governing it in an authoritarian manner. Until May 2020 she had been in jail on money laundering charges and said that if she is elected she will release her father, who is in prison with a 25-year sentence for corruption and systematic human rights violations committed during the his presidency.
Keiko Fujimori had already run for president in 2011 and 2016, and had lost both times.
Observers did not expect that neither Castillo nor Fujimori would make it to the ballot. In the first round Castillo had obtained 19 percent of the votes, while Fujimori had stopped at 13, and their candidacies were favored by the extreme fragmentation of the political landscape.
Until a few weeks before the vote, observers gave Castillo a fair advantage over his rival, but according to several polls cited by the Country in the last month Fujimori had recovered the gap and attracted most of the undecided voters, especially after accusing Castillo of having links with the far-left terrorist group Sendero Luminoso, considered responsible for the attack of last May 23 in a small town about 300 kilometers east of the capital Lima, where 16 people were killed.
Nicolas Saldias, expert analyst of Latin America of the Economist Intelligence Unit – the independent company that is part of the publishing group ofEconomist -, had predicted even before the counting of the ballots that a very close result could lead to accusations of electoral fraud. Saldias stressed that whoever wins the presidential elections will have very little power and will have the “tough” task of governing a very divided and discontented country: both because of growing unemployment and economic inequalities, and because of rampant corruption among politicians and officials. public, which have caused numerous scandals and resignations, even at high levels. Fujimori or Castillo will be the sixth or sixth president of the country in five years.
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