The European directive Sup (Single Use Plastic) does not have the goal of fighting a particular one typology plastic, but the very concept of single use to be replaced with reusable alternatives to reduce the dispersion of waste in the sea. Therefore it also prohibits the plastics biodegradable and compostable and is dated June 2019. This means that, beyond the contents of the battle, among other things shared by experts e ong, if he had wanted to try to change the course of events, who governed and who governs Italy, he would have had to move first. Precisely for jobs and businesses of which in these hours we talk so much. Instead it was decided to “to interpret” the directive, in the most classic refrain of environmentalist politics in words but not in deeds. Now it happens that, one month after the entry into force of the ban on the single use of which you know (or, at least, you should know) i details for some time, theExecutive (and several ministers are spent on the front line), together with Confindustria attack the EU guidelines. All the fault of the latest draft of the document that the European Commission has published precisely to clarify doubts and facilitate the application of the directive effective from next 3 July. In the latest version, in fact, Brussels he writes in black and white that products are also banned single use in paper, covered with a veil of plastic (lining / coating), which the directive did not explicitly mention and which contain less than 10% plastic. “But there is nothing new – explains a ilfattoquotidiano.it Giuseppe Hungarian, in charge of the Pollution campaign of Greenpeace – because the directive has never made distinctions of percentages and everyone knows that those products contain plastic. They are therefore prohibited. The fact that it was made explicit in the latest draft of the guidelines adds nothing to what was already known ”.
RISE OF SHIELDS – In these hours everyone underlines that the announcement will hit “theItalian paper industry“And those 50 thousand workers active in packaging paper. The Minister of Ecological Transition Roberto Cingolani he called that ban “absurd”. The Minister of Economic Development, Giancarlo Giorgetti (who in 2019 was Undersecretary of State to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers) posed the problem a Brussels with the vice president Margrethe Vestager and to the Commissioner for the Economy Paolo Gentiloni, asking for a derogation for Italy (the only one among 27 countries, ed) which, however, the directive does not provide. One wonders what Italy did in Europe when, in theory, it could also have an impact on decision finale. “He did nothing and, even after theapproval – explains Giuseppe Ungherese – instead of helping theindustry to reconvert and arrive prepared for this moment of change, a number of measures continued to be approved to incentivize biodegradable alternatives“. They think so too Angelo Bonelli ed Eleonora Evi, respectively national coordinator of the Greens and MEP of Europe Verde: “The obligations envisaged by the directive contested by the government were already present in the directive adopted in 2019 and there was no forcing”.
FREE INTERPRETATION – The rules on credit tax for the purchase of products in plastic recycled, or biodegradable packaging e compostable. Lastly, the Parliament, in European delegation law approved on 20 April last and which incorporates 39 directives into our legal system, including 2019/904 on disposable items in plastic, instead of conforming to the directive, gave the ok to use biodegradable plastics and compostable, in the absence of alternatives for disposable items prohibited by the directive Sup. “Going thus against the same prohibition of the directive and risking the initiation of a procedure of infringement”Hungarian complaint from Greenpeace. The NGO had already reported, among other things, the imbalance towards the replacement of disposable plastic with alternatives in compostable material in our country, entrusting a independent consultant (the engineer Paolo Light blue, technical consultant on waste and circular economy) an analysis of perspectives for the transposition of the community directive, of the initiatives undertaken by other States and of the measures adopted in Italy. “Instead of doing terrorism by talking about the dead and wounded in the Italian companies – add Angelo Bonelli and Eleonora Evi – Cingolani e Giorgetti could finance the conversion of the companies of this industry to focus on those packaging and sustainable products and with biodegradable material not covered by the directive “.
GUIDELINES THAT ENRURE ITALY – Returning to the guidelines, then, in the guidelines (which, among other things, was reached after extensive consultations with the States members) the EU makes no distinction between plastics biodegradable O not biodegradable which, in fact, are both banned. The definition of plastic that falls under the directive, among other things, it also includes that a base biological and biodegradable. And this regardless of whether it is derived from biomass or destined to biodegrade over time. I are banned polymers produced through a process of fermentation industrial. In practice, only the natural polymers unmodified, the result of a natural polymerization process (regardless of the extraction methods), such as cellulose and the lignin extracted from wood or corn starch obtained by grinding wet. It is true that the Commission, as part of the new action plan forCircular Economy, will try to take stock of the data a layout to provide a framework for the use of biodegradable or compostable plastics. “But to date there is no data indicating the degradation in certain and short times at sea – explains Ungherese – and, therefore, on the basis of information available, it was decided to equate them with traditional plastics. If things were to change (even under the technical-scientific progress, ed), we will proceed with the revision of the directive, but this cannot happen before 2027 ”. In the meantime, however, it is important to understand what is true target of the directive. “40% of the plastic produced in the world ends up in single use, which is also the most difficult part to recycle – explains Ungherese – and the replacement of a disposable plastic with another made of another material is certainly not devoid of impact. If we are to seriously address the problem of plastic it is on this concept that we must reflect and work, as is doing Germany, where they are encouraging the replacement of disposables with alternative reusable”.