On Wednesday, Israel’s main opposition parties announced they had found an agreement to form a coalition government that could end 12 years of uninterrupted rule by Likud, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s conservative party.
The government agreement was signed by eight opposition parties: the centrists of Yesh Atid and Blue and White, the right-wing Casa Nostra, Yamina and New Hope parties, Labor, the left-wing Meretz party and the Arab party. Israelis United Arab List: the latter would be the first Arab party to join a government in the history of Israel. The agreement provides that until September 2023 the prime minister will be Naftali Bennett, of Yamina, who will then have to leave the post to the leader of Yesh Atid, Yair Lapid. The coalition will still have to win the confidence of the Israeli parliament: the vote is scheduled for next week.
The negotiations for the new government had begun after the last elections, last March 23, which like the previous ones had not had a clear winner: although Likud was by far the most voted party, it had not obtained enough seats to form a government, not even with the help of its traditional allies.
After the deadline given to Netanyahu to try to form a government in early May, the job was given to the head of the main opposition party, former TV journalist Yair Lapid of the centrist party Yesh Atid, who had time to try it until June 2nd.
Thanks to the agreement reached, the new coalition would be able to have 62 seats in Parliament, one more than the minimum necessary to gain confidence. However, it is not yet certain whether there will be numbers in Parliament.
MPs Amichai Chikli and Nir Orbach from Yamina have already said they will not vote in favor of the new government: without their vote, the coalition will need the support of at least one MP from other parties to gain confidence. The Times of Israel he writes that there is also the possibility that Orbach will resign before the trust, allowing the party to replace him with another member of parliament in favor of the new governing coalition.