Bologna, 11 January 2022 – They change the rules for covid quarantine, Emilia-Romagna officially returns to ‘yellow zone’ after so many months (read the new rules) and more and more people get together blocked or isolated in the house after having contract the virus or have become ‘close contacts’ of a positive.
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But when are you ‘close contacts’? AND how to behave in the case of complicated cohabitation between positives and contacts, between rooms, lunches and dinners and other needs? And who turns out to be positive, waiting for the notification of the measure of isolation, what should you do?
Here is our vademecum for the many Emilia Romagna closed at home due to the pandemic.
Close contact, what it means and who it is
As per government guidelines, ‘close contact’ (high risk exposure) of a probable or confirmed case is defined as: a person who lives in the same house a positive at Covid; a person who has had direct physical contact with a positive (for example, handshake); a person who has had unprotected direct contact with secretions of an infected person (for example, he touched used paper handkerchiefs with his bare hands); a person who has had direct contact (face to face) with a positive, at a distance of less than 2 meters and at least 15 minutes; a person who has been in a closed environment (e.g. classroom, meeting room, hospital waiting room) with a positive in the absence of masks or other suitable protection devices (Dpi).
It is also called ‘close contact’: a health worker or another person who provides direct assistance to a positive or laboratory staff involved in the handling of samples of a Covid-19 case without the use of the recommended and suitable Dpi; a person who has traveled sitting in train, plane or any other means of transport within two places in any direction with respect to the infected; the travel companions and the staff assigned to the section of the plane / train where the index case was sitting are also close contacts.
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Close contact in quarantine: the rules
The subjects in quarantine (as a close contact of a positive to the covid) and their families must adhere to some precise rules of the Ausl: remain at home, without leaving the house and avoiding contact with both cohabitants and other people; avoid moving inside the home during the presence of the other cohabitants; use a non-shared room and bathroom with other people, with adequate air exchange, opening the windows – where it is not possible to use a bathroom exclusively, disinfection of the surfaces with suitable products (for example, bleach or bleach) must be carried out at each use.
Close quarantined contacts must also: wear the mask e keep yourself isolated from other cohabitants, the masks must not be touched or manipulated during use – if the mask gets wet or dirty with secretions, it must be changed immediately, after use it must be eliminated and hands washed well -; stay in your own room with the door closed ensuring aadequate ventilation natural pending further indications.
How long is the quarantine
The length of quarantine varies depending on whether the positive contact person is vaccinated (and for how long) or not vaccinated.
- If close contact has not received not even a dose of vaccine, the quarantine lasts 10 days from the last contact with the positive and ends with a negative (rapid or molecular) swab.
- If close contact has received the second dose of the vaccine or healed from the covid from more than 120 days (4 months), the quarantine lasts 5 days with the obligation of a negative swab (rapid or molecular) at the end of the period
- If, however, the close contact is already vaccinated with the booster dose (or third dose) for less than 4 months he must not remain closed at home, but must use the Ffp2 masks for 5 days and stay in the regime of self surveillance. Which means that he must be vigilant for any occurrence of even minor symptoms and, in that case, undergo a test (antigenic or molecular). if the symptoms remain and the test is negative, take a second after another 5 days.
The Emilia Romagna Region must enact a regulation to streamline the bureaucratic procedures at the end of quarantine: the test can also be carried out in the pharmacy, with the cost charged to the health service: here all the specifications.
To all those who, following the a positive diagnostic swab, are waiting to receive the notification of the isolation measure by the Department of Public Health, the Ausl reminds you to: maintain the state of isolation, avoid social contacts, avoid displacements and / or travels, remain reachable for health surveillance activities, contact your doctor for an assessment of the state of health.
What does home isolation provide?
Stay in your home, have no social contacts, do not travel or travel, remain reachable by phone for surveillance activities.
How long does the isolation last
Again, it depends on whether the positive subject is vaccinated or not:
- For those who have symptoms, isolation lasts at least 10 days from the onset of symptoms. The test can only be done after at least 3 days without symptoms and can be rapid or non-regular
- For those who have had no symptoms e is not vaccinated, for those who have received two doses or the single dose from more than 120 days (4 months), for those who have recovered from the covid for more than 120 days, the isolation lasts 10 days and there is an obligation to test (rapid or molecular) at the end of the 10 days. In case of symptoms, the swab should be performed 3 days after the symptoms disappear
- For those who have no symptoms and have received the dose booster and for those vaccinated with two doses or a single dose from less than 4 months o for those healed for less than 4 months the isolation lasts 7 days with a negative test (antigenic or molecular).
Also in this case, the fine isolation in Emilia Romagna can be done with a test in the pharmacy (in the absence of symptoms and with at least two doses of vaccine).
What to do in case of symptoms
The Ausl recommends: notify the family doctor immediately o the pediatrician and the Public Health operator, by calling 118 and reporting that he is a subject under surveillance for possible Covid infection; strictly follow behavioral and hygiene measures indicate; wear the mask ed avoid contact with the people you live with; sneeze and cough directly into a handkerchief, throw it in a waterproof bag that will be hermetically sealed and handed over to healthcare personnel for disposal; wash your hands immediately after; stay in your room with the door closed with adequate natural ventilation, awaiting transfer to the hospital, if necessary, or other arrangements by the Public Health operator.
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Contacts and useful numbers for those who contract the disease
For more information on Covid-9, consult the frequently asked questions (FAQ) on the website of the Ministry of Health www.salute.gov.it/nuovocoronavirus or call Regional toll-free number 800 033 033.
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