from 13 December the booking in Lazio will start. Here’s how and where

from 13 December the booking in Lazio will start. Here’s how and where
from 13 December the booking in Lazio will start. Here’s how and where

Vaccine reservations for i children 5-11 years. «The campaign, which will be called “And now we can play freely”, will have a logo designed by two children of the Bambino Gesù Children’s Hospital, Chiara and Valerio“, tells the councilor for health Alessio D’Amato. To book in one of the 78 dedicated hubs, parents just need to enter their health card details. «There will be a communication activity: on the SaluteLazio social channels there will be 13 Questions and Answers prepared by the Bambino Gesù Hospital in collaboration with the scientific societies of pediatrics».

Is it a safe vaccine?

Yes. The studies carried out for the vaccine in this age group show a high efficacy in preventing Covid-19 (91%). As with older children and adults, after vaccination against COVID-19 children may have some local (pain, swelling) or general (fever, malaise, fatigue) side effects, which are short-lived (one to two days). ). Children from 5 years of age and teens can be vaccinated against COVID-19 because the safety and efficacy of the vaccine has been closely monitored including studies in the age group 5-11. Your child cannot get COVID-19 by getting vaccinated.

Is there a vaccine available for this age group?

Yes, for children between the ages of 5 and 11, the Comirnaty vaccine, manufactured by BioNTech / Pfizer, is available. This is the mRNA vaccine that is already used in children from the age of twelve and in adults; a lower dosage is used in children aged 5 to 11 years than that used in older people (one third of the dosage, 10 µg versus 30 µg). As for other age groups, two doses are administered by intramuscular injection (in the upper arm), three weeks apart. Currently, the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine is the only one available for vaccinating children between the ages of 5 and 11. In some countries, vaccination of children between the ages of 5 and 11 is already underway (USA, Israel, Austria, Chile).

How long does the protection conferred by the vaccine last?

In order to guarantee the duration of protection, according to the current state of knowledge, the administration of a booster dose (booster) in adults is envisaged, at least five months after the last dose. Furthermore, an additional dose of vaccine is foreseen from 12 years of age for people undergoing solid organ transplantation or with marked impairment of the immune response due to causes related to the underlying disease or pharmacological treatments. In these cases, the additional dose is given at least 28 days after the last dose.

Is it advisable to have a single dose of vaccine for my child who is positive for Covid-19 and in conditions of primary immunodeficiency or secondary to drug treatments?

For subjects with immunodeficiency conditions, whether primary or secondary to pharmacological treatments, it is recommended to do two doses according to the vaccination schedule provided for the different vaccines available.

How is the absence of contraindications to vaccination detected?

Before vaccination, healthcare personnel ask a series of simple but precise questions, using a standardized form and assess whether the vaccination can be carried out or should be postponed. With these questions, in fact, the healthcare staff can verify the presence of contraindications or particular precautions.

Were clinical trials shortened to have these vaccines soon?

The studies that led to the development of COVID-19 vaccines in children and young people between the ages of 5 and 11 have not skipped any of the steps to verify the efficacy and safety required for the development of a medicine. The rapid development and approval is due to new technologies, the huge resources made available very quickly and a new evaluation process by the regulatory agencies, which evaluated the results as they were obtained and not, as it was done previously, only when all the studies were completed. All this to fight a pandemic that is affecting the whole world with very serious consequences.

If my child has had Covid-19 and is cured, is it indicated to have the vaccine?

If you have had the infection (positive swab):

  • A single dose of SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 vaccine can be given as long as vaccination is preferably performed within 6 months of SARS-CoV-2 confirmation
  • the evaluation of antibody titers is not useful in deciding whether to carry out vaccination
  • if more than 12 months have passed since the disease, in order to be adequately protected it will be necessary to carry out two doses of Covid-19 vaccine If monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma have been taken for Covid-19 therapy, it is necessary to wait 90 days before carrying out the vaccine COVID-19. Talk to your doctor if you are unsure what treatments you have received or if you have any other questions about vaccinating.

Are the available vaccines effective against Covid variants?

Studies are underway to evaluate the efficacy of mRNA vaccines against emerging variants of SARS-CoV-2, preliminary data to date indicate that the vaccine is effective against some variants. However, a broad generalization on the protection of the vaccine against variants is not currently possible. From a practical point of view, the discovery of these variants does not change the basic recommendations for vaccination. In particular, it is not recommended that people wait for a new or modified vaccine in the hope that it will be more effective against emerging variants of SARS-CoV-2.

Why should I have my daughter / daughter vaccinated?

Covid-19 vaccination can help protect your child from contracting Covid-19 disease. Although fewer children and teens have gotten sick with Covid-19 than adults, children can be infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus, they can get sick, and they can spread the virus to others. In some rare cases, a form of inflammatory disease (MIS-C) caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has also been described in children, which can be particularly aggressive. Getting your child vaccinated helps protect your child and family in the first place. Vaccination is currently recommended for all children aged 5 and over. We know that Covid-19 has caused very serious illnesses and deaths in many people. Vaccination is the safest choice for yourself and loved ones.

What are the most common side effects?

After getting the vaccine you may have some side effects, which are normal signs that the body is building protection against the disease. Common side effects are pain, redness and swelling in the arm where the injection was given, as well as tiredness, headache, body aches, chills, fever and nausea. These side effects may affect your ability to perform daily activities, but they go away within hours or days. Health Authorities and the scientific community continue their surveillance for the rapid recognition and management of any rare vaccine-related effects.

Should people who become infected with Sars-Cov-2 after receiving the first dose of the vaccine have to receive the second?

In people with swab-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection at least 15 days after the first dose of the vaccine, the infection itself is a powerful boost to the immune system that complements that provided by the first dose of the vaccine. In light of this and the fact that natural infection confers a specific immune response to the virus, it is not appropriate to give these people the second vaccine dose. Partial vaccination and subsequent infection do not preclude a possible recall of Covid-19 vaccination in the future, if data on the duration of immune protection indicate this need.

Is there a minimum interval to be respected between the anti-Covid vaccine and the other vaccines?

It is possible to carry out the concomitant administration (or at any distance of time, before or after), of an anti-SARS-CoV-2 / COVID-19 vaccine used in Italy and another inactivated vaccine (anti-polyomyelitis; anti-diphtheria; anti-tetanus; anti – hepatitis B; anti-pertussis; anti-Haemophilus type b; anti-influenza; anti HPV; anti-influenza). In the case of live attenuated vaccines (anti-measles; anti-rubella; anti-mumps; anti-varicella; anti-herpes zoster; anti yellow fever), a minimum precautionary distance of 14 days before or after administration of the vaccine is considered valid. anti SARS-CoV-2.

Do vaccines block the transmission of the SARS-Cov 2 virus?

Recent studies have shown that the vaccine can reduce the likelihood of passing the infection to others. In a large observational study conducted in Israel, those who had been vaccinated had a 90% reduction in the risk of asymptomatic infection compared to those not vaccinated. Furthermore, among those who become infected after vaccination, viral loads appear to be lower than in infected people who have not been vaccinated. A lower viral load most likely leads to a reduced risk of transmission. These encouraging data confirm what is already known for other vaccines such as measles, which is also effective in preventing the transmission of the infection. Note, even if vaccines reduce the risk of transmission, we cannot say that they eliminate it: the protective effect will never be 100%. Consequently, until the number of cases has decreased and a greater percentage of the population has received the vaccines, we must remember that vaccination does not allow us to stop other important measures to prevent the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Wearing a face mask, keeping your distance from others, washing your hands often and avoiding crowded indoor environments remain crucial strategies for reducing the risk of getting sick.

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