Italian coasts taken literally by assault by foreign citizens (sometimes traveling on NGO ships, others aboard makeshift boats), I decided to reach our country with the conviction of finding living conditions more favorable to them. Recently, according to the latest information also collected by the reception facilities themselves, there is a real boom in non-EU citizens minors, or presumed to be so.
The Genoa case
To explain the phenomenon to the microphones of Acted he is the managing director for social policies of the Municipality of Genoa Mario Baroni, which speaks of a constant arrival of minors “migrants”. To push the very young to leave their country of origin and leave for Italy, it seems, would be the social networks. “We currently have 327 unaccompanied foreign minors taken care of, a huge number compared to the past. Some are in the community, others in the hotel“declared Baroni.”Here in Genoa we have 183 seats, all full to date, which obviously are not enough. About eighty minors are currently in the hotel and we are studying an intervention plan to deal with this situation“, he added.
According to the authorities in charge, many of the foreigners come from Egypt, Tunisia, Albania, Somalia, Congo, Syria and Afghanistan. At the moment the boys are staying in some hotels, waiting for better accommodation. The Ceis (Genoa Onlus Solidarity Center) is at the forefront of welcoming minors, as explained by the president Enrico Costa, who confirms the constant increase in the number of young people arriving. “Until a few years ago we had more to do with the emergency of the refugee who flees from war, from a tragedy, from the political or religious violence of his native land“said Costa.”Today we interface more often with what is cynically called ‘economic migrant‘”, he added.
But what does all this depend on? According to Costa, it would be the social network: “The constant real-time diffusion of images of wealth and opportunities from other countries such as Italy, Germany, France, Great Britain, but also the possibility of communicating with those who have already left, has infused many young people, especially in the last 5 years, the right amount of courage to leave everything and go “. Word of mouth gets the process started. People interested in leaving now know where to go and how to go there, they have contacts and a real hospitality network to turn to, even before looking for institutional channels.
Ever younger “migrants”
The phenomenon is involving more and more young people, if not even minors or declared as such. According to Costa, “out of 1000 who arrive, today 20% are minors“. We are talking about 12 year olds, 13 year olds, ready to leave everything and go to Europe.
To respond to this emergency, Ceis has made several structures available in Genoa, one of which is the center Galata, which hosts 20 boys. Here the young people lead relatively normal lives, and are constantly looked after. Talking about them is the manager of the center Roberto Buzzi, who ad Acted tells how the boys have already faced many difficulties despite their age: “We are talking about trips that last six to seven months: when they arrive here, these kids are exhausted. We are second reception communities, so first they pass through other structures that represent a ‘first line on the front’. Once with us, the real path of integration and construction of their future begins“. Among the activities proposed to the children, even the school, in order to acquire safety and awareness. Many, in fact, not only do not know Italian, but are illiterate. Their only desire is to find a job.
The boys, explains Buzzi, come from poor families, some have social trauma behind them. Young Tunisians would have more difficulties, they have “major behavioral problems: they are more riotous, they escape the bond, it is something that goes beyond theaggression adolescent. Those who welcome are not seen by them as the referent with whom to create a relationship, but as any stranger passing from one place to another “.
“Hungry for money”
President Enrico Costa said he was concerned about the fate of these young people, who often think only in economic terms. They don’t have a dream. They just want to gain money to be sent home. “Even if they are thirteen years old, they have a very strong hunger for money: they want to send money home, also because their parents have often pushed them, or forced them to leave for this very reason.“explained Costa.”If this hunger is mixed with the obstacle of initial incommunicability, the young person is naturally pushed into the arms of something more comfortable and quick like lawlessness: shop and petty crime represent the Eldorado on which to eat and a gift, unfortunately, for criminal associations“, he added.