Treaty of the Quirinale, Draghi: “Historical pact, Italy and France closer”. Migrants, diplomacy, “exchange” of ministers: what’s in the agreement

Treaty of the Quirinale, Draghi: “Historical pact, Italy and France closer”. Migrants, diplomacy, “exchange” of ministers: what’s in the agreement
Treaty of the Quirinale, Draghi: “Historical pact, Italy and France closer”. Migrants, diplomacy, “exchange” of ministers: what’s in the agreement

For decades, a similar treaty has kept theParis-Berlin axis, the direction along which the politics of Europe has been oriented since the second post-war period. If the Treaty of the Quirinale it will have the same effect and the same luck it is very early to tell. But the connotations seem to be very similar. A “crazy” agreement they define not without transport to the Farnesina, says the Corriere della Sera. The ambition – through official and diplomatic language – is to strengthen the bond between Italy and France and Europe together. Out of the teeth, the goal is for this to become the second engine of the Union, in addition to the one that runs between Berlin and Paris. Now, one might say, the Elysée will become the central intersection of this triangle. “It marks a historic moment in relations”, underlines the Prime Minister Mario Draghi: “From today we are even closer”.

The agreement will cover industry, diplomacy, security, migrants up to a common civil service and, more importantly, the strengthening of political relations, to the point that there will also be an “exchange” of ministers in their respective top management. government, which France and Germany have been doing for a couple of years but which has its roots in various agreements including the Elysée Treaty of 1963. “Italy and France have ancient relations – commented the European Commissioner for Economy Paolo Gentiloni – From today they can be more united and stronger. And a greater centrality of Italy and France strengthens the entire European Union in a phase of historical transition ”. The first push comes on the community economy. “The budget rules in force until the pandemic, even then they were not enough, they were pro-cyclical rules that in some respects aggravated the problem instead of helping to solve them. A revision era necessary, today it is inevitable“, The message is“ that without strong support we would not have gone through the pandemic, we would not have made it ”. The Prime Minister invites us to “correct the past” and “design the future” with the new rules. “This must be done with the EU and countries need to equip themselves with tools that make them stronger in this discussion: in this way Italy and France want to proceed”.

The signing of the Quirinal Treaty was accompanied by the flight of Frecce Tricolori In the sky of Rome. Macron and Mattarella greeted each other with a long hug. The ambition of the Quirinal Treaty, therefore, is a stronger link between Italy and France to strengthen Europe through a new “enhanced bilateral cooperation” e “a common future”To quote the words already used by Macron yesterday. Today he reiterates that “this Treaty establishes the deep friendship that unites us” and now, he adds, “we will create one common geopolitical vision: we share the European and international vision “, we will contribute to building a”common European defense stronger than contributing to Then, we will have enhanced cooperation in the fight against illegal migrations e i traffickers, to protect the external borders of Europe “.

On the Italian side, the Treaty, as foreseen by the Constitution, was signed by the head of the government Draghi, but the seat and the name chosen to finalize the new agreement intend to reflect the exceptional nature of the relations between Rome and Paris – ready to overcome some misunderstandings of the past -, and to evoke that Treaty of the Elysée which in 1963 brought France and Germany closer together. There was no lack of transversal messages, both external and internal. The President of the French Republic was quick to point out that the Chancellor Angela Merkel “She is still in charge, I spoke to her this morning to coordinate the initiatives in the face of the new variant of the virus. I have too much respect and friendship for her ”to speak of a new ally. “In France it is said that when things go wrong with Germany, they look to Italy. But it does not work like this: Europe is built at 27, we must not look for substitutes for one or the other in the various alliances ”, these are relationships that“ complement and strengthen each other ”.

From his Draghi underlined, perhaps anticipating the response to some controversy that arose above all in the area of ​​the sovereign right, that “the our sovereignty, understood as the ability to direct the future as we want, it can only be strengthened through one shared management from the challenges common. We want to facilitate and accelerate the process of European integration“. The premier cited the “political fathers” – as he called them – of an agreement like this: “Jean Monnet e Robert Schuman, Altiero Spinelli e Alcide De Gasperi. Gives Stendhal a Umberto Eco, gives Mastroianni a Belmondo a Claudia Cardinal, we are full of memories and common references ”. Draghi also recalled Valeria Solesin, a young university researcher “killed together with many French people and young people of other nationalities in the vile attack” of Bataclan a Paris six years ago.

The details of the individual points of the text, about 14 pages long, will probably be disclosed within the day. Among other things, the Treaty provides that at least once every 3 months an Italian minister will participate in a council of ministers of the French government and vice versa. As for diplomacy, Italy and France will “delegate” each other in case of absences. As for the industry, Cassa Depositi e Prestiti will work in synergy with the analogous French subsidiary. Among other things, a civil service joint already mentioned last July on the occasion of Mattarella’s visit to Paris. Among other elements, a cross-border cooperation between the two police forces – an argument that in the past had caused not a few misunderstandings, especially in the management of migrants a Ventimiglia O Bardonecchia – at a time when Italy is looking for a bank on landings and Macron is increasingly convinced that, in addition to strengthening the external borders Europe, one is needed Schengen reform for which he will work in the forthcoming French semester of European presidency. The rotating presidency that Paris intends to coordinate with Rome. The first effect of the pact is the signing of a cooperation agreement, announced by Draghi, on the subject of space.

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