The public funding at the politics? “It’s unpopular, but useful to the country“. Word of Massimo D’Alema, which in an interview with Corriere della Sera indicates it among the elements necessary for the reform of a democratic system that “does not work” and “it needs to be rebuilt“. “We are in a post-war period, the reconstruction passes even through parties“, Explains the former prime minister to Aldo Cazzullo. “In Germany, theirs are financed cultural foundations, where the future ruling class is formed. If, on the other hand, one thinks that the relationship between citizens and institutions must be entrusted to individual personalities, then one has the courage to go all the way with the presidentialism, with all the necessary checks and balances “. As it is, D’Alema argues, the majority electoral system produces “electoral crowds that clash violently, because a campaign in which whoever has one more vote controls Parliament is dramatic. It is not true ”, he says,“ that whoever wins governs the country. They have been doing it for fifteen years governments that they have nothing to do with voting“.
The solution? “I would adopt the German system: the proportional with a 5% barrier, la constructive distrust, which limits the instability that the proportional can bring, the financing of politics ”. But thirty years ago the Italians chose the majority, “And she agreed,” Cazzullo points out. “And it was right”, replies the former secretary of the DS. “One opened new phase, needed a replacement. A good law was made, which bears the name of Mattarella. Today we have one bad law (the Rosatellum, which assigns two thirds of the seats with proportional representation and one third with single-member constituencies, ed). The degradation of the majority has had disastrous effects, a Parliament without no relationship with the voters“. For this reason, he explains, “today the elected do not go to the territory, because they earn the position in the office O in the party chief’s antechamber. We are at the levels of transformism never achieved in history. Enough. It’s a’emergency from the point of view of democratic holding “.
For the Quirinale, he says, “one must be chosen guarantee figure, a person who does not have a partisan characterization ”, preferably a woman, to be selected“ in politics, culture and professions ”. AND Draghi? “The country needs that continue to govern“, While“ the Quirinale does not govern, it plays a role of guarantee ”. D’Alema responds, indirectly, to the many who hypothesize (even explicitly, such as Minister Giorgetti) a “de facto semi-presidentialism“With the former head of the ECB elected to Colle:” Let’s be careful, we have already invented that the citizens elected the head of the government. It wasn’t true. With the Constitution not jokingotherwise the democratic system will wear out ”, he warns. Draghi must stay at Palazzo Chigi because “we are a half of the ford, in a very delicate moment “, in which” the PNRR must be used to lay the foundations of a lasting growth“. And also because, he explains, the drawing of the right it is precisely that of taking over the government by electing the prime minister as head of state, “a bad design for the country”.
When asked if the future of the left both together with the 5 stars, D’Alema does not respond directly. But remember: “If we have growth today, it is because of the way we have dealt with the pandemic. First with Conte, then in continuity with Draghi. Conte undergoes a lynching by a large part of the information, yet it has done and continues to do a positive task: to bring a protest movement to the government challenge and the alliance with the left ”. D’Alema, Bersani, Speranza and the others of the “firm” will return to the Democratic Party? “A dialogue has opened, I appreciate the Letta’s work to open and renew ”, says the former foreign minister. But “the Democratic Party is the son of a season in which it was theorized that the ideologies were over and we needed open parties, without structures. All of these ideas were wrong. There was a moment when the Cold War was thawed, it was right to get rid of a certain ideological baggage: but when the Democratic Party was born, between 2007 and 2008, the phase of optimism on the global world was already over ”. For this reason “the left must get back to having an ideal message, indeed I would say ideological: social redemption. Lequality. a progressive myth, to be contrasted with the regressive one of earth and blood “.