Climate emergency, Lake Tuz is disappearing: it is the second largest in Turkey. The photographer: “Thousands of flamingo carcasses”

Climate emergency, Lake Tuz is disappearing: it is the second largest in Turkey. The photographer: “Thousands of flamingo carcasses”
Climate emergency, Lake Tuz is disappearing: it is the second largest in Turkey. The photographer: “Thousands of flamingo carcasses”

Thousand of carcasses of flamingos with their young and a backdrop inaridito, full of cracks. There Drought and years of harmful agricultural policies have depleted the underground water reserves of Lake Tuz in Turkey. Extending for 1,165 square kilometers, the hypersaline basin – the second largest in the country – has become one of the symbols of the disastrous consequences of climate change.

Immortalized in the images of Fahri Then in the warm seasons it was the destination of huge migrations colonies of flamingos: they reached it to reproduce and feed in its shallow waters. This is told by the photographer himself, who heads the regional branch of the Ankara environmental group Doga Dernegi: “There were about 5 thousand young people of the species here. I am dead all because there was no water. It was an incredibly bad scene. I will never be able to to delete from my life. I hope that nothing like this will come back to me ”. A study by the University of the Aegean, conducted with satellite images, revealed that the waters of Lake Tuz have begun to descend at the beginning of 2000. Also rapid decline in groundwater levels around the basin. Rising temperatures, an evaporation intensified and insufficient rain – according to the Turkish news agency Anatolia – they made the situation worse. Its situation is similar to that of other Turkish basins that are dried up or yes they are withdrawn at alarming levels.

According to experts, the whole Mediterraneo is particularly at risk desertification, due to low rainfall. An episode from last week is emblematic: in Lake Van, the fishing boats they failed to get close to a pier for water levels. The broadcaster reported it NewsTurk. “We have rising temperatures and decreasing rainfall and, on the other hand, we need water to irrigate – he also explained Levent Kurnaz, scientist of the Center for Climate Change they Policy Studies of the university Bogazici – the situation is ugly throughout Turkey at the moment ”.

Instead the pelvis of Konya, nell’Central Anatolia – area once known as the granary of Turkey – the crops of most, sugar beet ed alfalfa they compromised the lake’s resources, according to Tunc. In addition, the peasants dug thousands of unauthorized wells, while the streams that fed the lake are annoyed or it was diverted the course. Ankara, among the first states to sign the climate agreement of Paris of 2015, however, it has not ratified it until this month. It is indeed trying to be reclassified between Developing countries rather than developed ones, to avoid harsher emissions reduction targets.

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