Poland will have to pay a fine of 1 million euros per day to the European Commission. EU Court: “It does not respect the independence of the magistrates”

The first provision of theEuropean Union strikes Poland, after the clash of recent weeks over compliance with the rule of law and the supremacy of European law. The Court of Justice of the EU issued a sentence with which it established that Warsaw will have to pay a penalty of 1 million euros per day to the Commission for not having suspended the application of the national provisions relating in particular to the competences of the disciplinary chamber of the Supreme Court. “Compliance with the provisional measures ordered on July 14, 2021 by the EU Court”, reads a note, “is necessary in order to avoid serious and irreparable damage to the legal order of the European Union as well as to the values ​​on which the Union it is founded, in particular that of the rule of law “.

The Polish premier Mateusz Morawiecki he said last week in the European Parliament that the disciplinary section – charged with overseeing the work of the Supreme Court, and therefore accused of limiting the activity of judges – would be abolished, but it is still active. It was the Commission itself, last September, that asked the EU Court for financial penalties for the country. Brussels he had also sent a letter of formal notice to Warsaw urging it to comply with the sentence of 15 July on the disciplinary regime of judges. “Judicial systems across the European Union must be independent and fair. The rights of EU citizens must be guaranteed in the same way, wherever they reside in the EU “, said the president. Ursula von der Leyen, commenting on the two decisions on the rule of law.

This fine is added to the previous one of 500 thousand euros per day also established by the Court of Justice last month: Warsaw will have to pay it until it stops mining lignite in the Miniera di Turów, bordering on Germany and the Czech Republic. Just yesterday, Brussels sent a letter to the Polish authorities asking for an account of the application of the measures and soliciting the presentation of evidence that the mining activities of lignite in the coal complex have ceased, as ordered by the togates. “If it does not produce evidence of the stop, the European Commission will start requesting payments at regular intervals,” explained a spokesperson for Palazzo Berlaymont.

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