Training improves (also) mood The important thing is not to overdo it – Corriere.it

Training improves (also) mood The important thing is not to overdo it – Corriere.it
Training improves (also) mood The important thing is not to overdo it – Corriere.it
from Elena Meli

In the first minutes of activity, catecholamines, norepinephrine and adrenaline increase
to bring energy to the muscles and beta-endorphins that increase endurance

Women seem to be even more affected by the effects of food on mood than men, but in the complex framework that binds the diet to hormonal balance and mental well-being exercise seems to count most of all. This was demonstrated by a study by the US Binghamton University, according to which many of the cognitive benefits associated with healthy eating are enhanced and supported by physical activity thanks to the positive hormonal effects that this entails.

More nourished brain

In fact, training induces the release of factors that promote better blood circulation in the brain, which promote the growth of neurons and the formation of connections between nerve cells, which protect the neurons themselves and repair them in case of damage: if the right nutrients come from the diet, for example a good supply of proteins to promote muscle activity, the whole body-machine works at its best and the exercise acts as ideal mediator of the beneficial consequences of food on mood.

The hormones at play

Adds Annamaria Colao, president of the Italian Society of Endocrinology: Sport is one of the main factors affecting the endocrine system: moving alters the balance of the body, which reacts with physiological hormonal changes to ensure the energy needed to exercise. It happens after the single training session, when already in the first minutes catecholamines such as noradrenaline and adrenaline increase to bring energy to the muscles and for cardiorespiratory adaptation. (the airways dilate, the pressure rises, the heart rate as well and so on, ed) e beta-endorphins also grow, to increase the pain and fatigue threshold; also happens with chronic exercise, the scheduled repetition of workouts. In regular sportsmen there is a neuroendocrine adaptation that makes physical activity repeated over time less stressful, allowing you to optimize biological resources available: the heart rate of a well-trained person, for example, increases less following an exercise than that of an untrained person.

Too much crunch

Even for physical exercise, however, the rule not to exaggerate applies, because if a constant activity, for example, improves the sensitivity of the liver, muscles and adipose tissue towards insulin in addition to the mood, protecting against metabolic diseases such as diabetes and cholesterol high and at the same time promoting good muscle tone, Exercise that is too intense or frequent, or associated with a diet that is too rigid or, again, with a condition of psychophysical stress, can hurt because, for example, it reduces sex hormones. periferic and in the nervous systemO

with repercussions on reproductive health and bone health, increasing the risk of osteopenia and osteoporosis, concludes Colao.

October 20, 2021 (change October 21, 2021 | 10:51)

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