The observatory data recently published by EY during the annual Digital Summit tell of one 5G coverage which has now reached a very high percentage of the Italian territory, however there is a big “but” to be taken into account: the one currently widespread is not yet the “real” 5G.
According to the data collected by EY, in fact, Italy’s territorial coverage with 5G would be close to completion, however we are still a long way from the envisaged “revolution”, given that it will play an essential role in that. reti standalone, with guarantees of reduced latency to the bone and very high speeds.
5G in Italy: territorial coverage almost completed
Speaking of numbers, a coverage of the 95% of the Italian population, for a total of over 7,500 municipalities Italians. As regards the analysis of the coverage at the regional level, all twenty Italian regions easily exceed the threshold of 90 percentage points, but while many regions are above the national average (Basilicata and Valle d’Aosta stand out at 98%), Campania ( 93%), Lazio (94%) and Puglia (94%) are the only ones below the national average.
The overall situation, however, is less rosy than it seems, just think that, for example, the tenders for the core network – the central part of the fifth generation network – have yet to be awarded. This means that we are still in the presence of a simple real 5G embryo. In short, the 5G that reaches almost all Italians is a version light which derives on the one hand from an enhancement of the current 4G networks and on the other hand from the use of the so-called midband frequencies, namely the very precious ones (straighter expensive) of the 3.5 Ghz band. In the latter case, the roll out by, for example, TIM and Vodafone started from the big cities and then went down to the medium-sized and patchy ones in various areas of the national territory.
The other part of the picture at the moment includes the so-called Dynamic spectrum sharing (Dds), that is the upgrade of the current 4G networks which partially integrate 5G technology and which, for this reason, allow for an increase in performance, as in the case of the Top quality network of WindTre. This technology provides for real-time modulation based on specific needs, but certainly does not allow to reach the levels of performance that will be possible with standalone 5G.
But the “real” 5G is still a long way off
For standalone 5G networks, however, it will still take some time and not very little: telecommunications operators are at work, however before a year it will be difficult to reach the halfway point, indeed to touch the benefits of real 5G, applied for example to industry, transport and healthcare – sectors that more than others need latency capable of enabling services such as robotics, assisted driving, vehicle-to-vehicle communication and remote surgery -, road is much longer.
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