5G covers almost all of Italy, but it’s not the “real” one yet

5G covers almost all of Italy, but it’s not the “real” one yet
5G covers almost all of Italy, but it’s not the “real” one yet

The observatory data recently published by EY during the annual Digital Summit tell of one 5G coverage which has now reached a very high percentage of the Italian territory, however there is a big “but” to be taken into account: the one currently widespread is not yet the “real” 5G.

According to the data collected by EY, in fact, Italy’s territorial coverage with 5G would be close to completion, however we are still a long way from the envisaged “revolution”, given that it will play an essential role in that. reti standalone, with guarantees of reduced latency to the bone and very high speeds.

5G in Italy: territorial coverage almost completed

Speaking of numbers, a coverage of the 95% of the Italian population, for a total of over 7,500 municipalities Italians. As regards the analysis of the coverage at the regional level, all twenty Italian regions easily exceed the threshold of 90 percentage points, but while many regions are above the national average (Basilicata and Valle d’Aosta stand out at 98%), Campania ( 93%), Lazio (94%) and Puglia (94%) are the only ones below the national average.

The overall situation, however, is less rosy than it seems, just think that, for example, the tenders for the core network – the central part of the fifth generation network – have yet to be awarded. This means that we are still in the presence of a simple real 5G embryo. In short, the 5G that reaches almost all Italians is a version light which derives on the one hand from an enhancement of the current 4G networks and on the other hand from the use of the so-called midband frequencies, namely the very precious ones (straighter expensive) of the 3.5 Ghz band. In the latter case, the roll out by, for example, TIM and Vodafone started from the big cities and then went down to the medium-sized and patchy ones in various areas of the national territory.

The other part of the picture at the moment includes the so-called Dynamic spectrum sharing (Dds), that is the upgrade of the current 4G networks which partially integrate 5G technology and which, for this reason, allow for an increase in performance, as in the case of the Top quality network of WindTre. This technology provides for real-time modulation based on specific needs, but certainly does not allow to reach the levels of performance that will be possible with standalone 5G.

But the “real” 5G is still a long way off

For standalone 5G networks, however, it will still take some time and not very little: telecommunications operators are at work, however before a year it will be difficult to reach the halfway point, indeed to touch the benefits of real 5G, applied for example to industry, transport and healthcare – sectors that more than others need latency capable of enabling services such as robotics, assisted driving, vehicle-to-vehicle communication and remote surgery -, road is much longer.

At present, the improvements in terms of speed and latency guaranteed by this 5G light, while far from being revolutionary, they are still quite interesting, even if more for consumer customers than for business customers. Yes, because even small improvements can bring benefits in terms of user experience, given the current availability of offers including 5G without exorbitant surcharges, the growing use of video on smartphones and tablets and the explosion of entertainment through streaming (movies, TV series, but also games). To be honest, however, what really makes the difference for streaming use is the domestic availability of fiber.

Read also: The five myths to dispel about 5G, between danger, espionage and COVID-19

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