The Afghan hell for hundreds of collaborators of the Italian mission remained out of the August evacuation plan. To escape from the emirate’s obscurantism put back on its feet by the Taliban, almost a quarter of a century after the last time, they must point west. The only lifeline for them at the moment is the step in Iran, with or without regular documents, after the closure of the borders between Afghanistan e Pakistan, while the road north to the former Soviet republics is not a viable alternative.
Afghan citizens would already be different, in particular from etnia tagika o hazara, to have crossed the border and asked for help from the Italian embassy a Teheran: “The flow moves in that direction – explains a Ilfattoquotidiano.it an official of the Farnesina – and from here on out we expect many more. Unfortunately, these people do not have a clear picture, but it is understandable, given the desperation. From what I understand, according to the information collected directly at our diplomatic headquarters in Tehran, people and families are arriving who do not fall within the lists drawn up before and after the exit of the international contingents that made up the NATO mission from Afghanistan. It will be very difficult, if not impossible, for them to obtain asylum in Italy ”.
Representatives at the Foreign Ministry and in our embassy in Iran warn Afghans wishing to flee their country with the aim of arriving in Italy: “The Iranian authorities they won’t let them in easily if not in possession of a visa and regular documents. We are a foreign representation there, we are guests, we cannot take certain freedoms”, Adds the source of the Farnesina.
The Italian government and public opinion have focused purely on Italian collaborators, with families in tow, but no one remembers the practices open for family reunification. Correspondence that threatens to become waste paper, the real tragedy lies there: continuing the bureaucratic process for those directly involved is now useless. From Acceptance, in fact, the diplomatic seat of Italy has been relocated to Qatar, a goal that is certainly not easy to reach in order to validate the practices.
But how are things really in terms of bureaucratic procedures for those who would like to come to Italy? We asked Daniele Valeri, lawyer of Asgi, theAssociation for Legal Studies on Immigration: “Let’s go in order. Those who have already received the permit for family reunification are unable to obtain a visa as there is no embassy that can issue it. This is because in the practice of reunification it is the close relative who already lives in Italy who turns to the prefecture asking to be able to reunite with the family member in Afghanistan. If the papers are in order, the request receives the signed authorization and turns everything to the Italian embassy in Kabul which, however, no longer exists. Therefore the procedure stops. Another obstacle. Those who still have to rejoin must show the prefecture of the official documents of the Afghan authorities, certificates of birth, marriage, etc., all papers which, in order to be valid in Italy, must be translated and legalized by our embassy, which has been moved to Qatar since August. They might try to contact the Italian diplomatic office in another country, but even in this way there are many problems. Furthermore, not all family members are automatically reunited. The same parents can leave the country and come to Italy only if they are over 65 years of age and have no other children who can take care of them. The road of humanitarian permits then it is very difficult, Italy has released very few. What the foreign ministry should do, and in this sense Asgi has already applied, is issue certain guidelines on the procedures to be followed that can be disseminated to all operators who are dealing with this problem, promptly providing all relevant information. In the absence of this, speaking of commitment to the salvation of men and women who are in danger in Afghanistan at this moment is completely empty ”.
Remaining on the documentary issue, one aspect should not be forgotten, namely the administrative confusion that reigned in the Taliban era. Obtaining any kind of personal document has become a challenge, especially for those who are hiding from possible reprisals by the new masters of Afghanistan: “My passport has expired a few months ago and now I don’t know how to renew it. Who knows what happened to the practice, ”he explains Jailani Rahgozar one of the many collaborators of the Italian cooperai zone of which Ilfattoquotidiano.it he has already been involved in the past few months. Basic a Herat, Rahgozar is trying to figure out how to move, how to get his family out of the chaos: “Reassurances keep coming from Italy, but I’m still not 100% sure I’m on the list of people to be evacuated. Gvc, one of the NGOs I collaborated with here in Herat, provided the Italian Foreign Ministry with a list in which I and other colleagues would be included. We hope to receive good news soon as the situation becomes more difficult every day ”.