After the work of Youth4Climate and Pre-Cop in Milan, now we look at the crucial appointment in November: the Cop26 of Glascow.
What we could define as the closed on Saturday 2 October Milan climate week: seven days marked by high-level meetings, negotiations, street demonstrations and strikes, all with the sole objective of raising the bar of ambition and lowering that of the global temperature.
It all began on September 28, with the opening of the works of the Youth4Climate, an event organized by the Italian government, in partnership with the United Kingdom, which involved 400 young people from all over the world.
Young people who, after a selection process, were invited to Milan to develop a declaration to be delivered to the Governments that have signed the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (Unfccc) and which will meet in November, in Glasgow, at the Conference of the Parties (Cop26).
Youth4Climate Milan events
The results of the works of Youth4Climate and Pre-Cop in Milan
After two days of intense negotiations in 4 different working groups – Youth and Climate Ambition, Sustainable Recovery, Involvement of Non-Governmental Actors with a Focus on the Fossil Fuel Industry and Aware Society – the delegates produced an ambitious document and strong that contains as many fundamental points.
Young people and climate ambition
The generation that will pay the price the most climate changes, both in social and economic terms, it will have to be more represented within the decision-making processes.
How to enhance the use of renewable energies
The green transition should therefore aim at maximizing theenergy efficiency and to an exclusive use of renewable energies in order to keep the global temperature rise below 1.5 ° C.
Furthermore, CO2 emissions will have to be taxed and the proceeds will contribute to the enhancement and sharing of technologies, as well as to the support of the most vulnerable countries and groups, as required by the Just Transition principles.
Involvement of non-state actors
The request, courageous and determined, is that no non-governmental entity from now on accept funds from companies that produce fossil fuels.
Education and awareness of the climate crisis
The aim is to enhance knowledge at all levels through training programs and a commitment by the media and governments to provide specialized bodies to raise public awareness on the issue.
The document was delivered at the opening of the high-level preparatory meeting that precedes the COP26, to the ministers and heads of government present at the Pre-Cop, including the President of the Republic Sergio Mattarella, he first Mario Draghi, the US president’s special envoy for the climate, John Kerry and naturally, Alok Sharma, president-designate of Cop26.
The latter greeted with enthusiasm the document drawn up by the young people, but given the continuous and legitimate demonstrations in the streets, it cannot be said that the latter did the same with the declarations of intent that emerged from the government meeting, which should have reassure the participants’ firm intention to engage in fight against the climate crisis in place.
More needs to be done: everyone agrees, young people and governments
On the positive side, all those present were in agreement in affirming that more needs to be done, all together, to achieve the goal prescribed by theParis Agreement, i.e. keep the global temperature below 1.5 ° C.
An even more important aspiration if you consider that according to the Global Annual to Decadal Climate Update, a report drawn up byWorld Meteorological Organization and from Met Office UK, we currently have about a 40% chance that the annual average global temperature will reach 1.5 ° C increase over the next 5 years and a 90% chance that between 2021 and 2025 we will experience the highest temperatures ever. registered.
Another crucial point, on which the government delegates present agreed, is the the need for the most industrialized countries to financially support the transition of the poorest countries and less responsible for the current climatic situation.
This last point is closely linked to the request for collaboration from the private sector in obtaining the necessary funding and to the need to aim for transparency and accountability of all countries.
A particularly interesting and noteworthy document, the one presented by Climate Open Platform, a network that welcomes individuals and organizations in order to monitor and influence institutional processes and which has asked Governments to official recognition of the climate as an inalienable human right, as well as the application of a carbon tax globale, industrial sector planning devoted entirely to the green transition, and support for poor countries in tackling the climate crisis.
Closed the preliminary events, now we look straight ahead to November and Cop26, where a serious, binding and ambitious commitment will be needed to face what, to all intents and purposes, continues to be the greatest challenge of our times.