The speech that the premier Mario Draghi held in front of the audience of Confindustria it is an extraordinary admission of the difficulties facing the government and the perfect storm that will soon unleash against the workers. Draghi is one who can afford to say how things are, but he tells them in such a way that only the most attentive can understand him, just as only the most attentive have understood why the Mes has completely disappeared from the public debate and from the agenda of the his government.
With the same analytical technique with which I was able to tell you the reasons for the incompatibility between Draghi and the Mes well in advance, I will now try to explain to you why I consider his speech to be the confession of a premier who knows he is “sailing on sight” in the sea openness of the global crisis, and which therefore to survive will fall back on the only thing thatItaly and theEurope whole have managed to do so far: hit the income from work with the motto of “we are all in the same boat”. Many words, but few key elements.
After a clever combination of reassuring phrases (in July the number of employees increased by 440 thousand units … the task of the government and the social partners is to ensure that this recovery is lasting and sustainable … we must avoid economic risks …), Draghi exposes the conditions of the “pact” it intends to reach with industrialists, which in terms of work seem to revolve around a goal: an invitation to avoid the trap of workers, because otherwise conflict is fueled and this government instead needs social peace (“to preserve good industrial relations, so that they ensure equity and social peace …”) to be able to implement its plans.
In short, the meaning is don’t mess around with the trade unions, which although not invited to this all-employer party (so much more will be done) were in fact the indirect recipients of this and other heartening messages (“bringing Italy into an inclusive growth system that allows social mobility … “). After spicing up her invitation to behave with a little fear (there is a risk of new closures), move on to phase two, for industrialists certainly more interesting. What does the government intend to do about their business?
After the necessary premises onprice increase in some sectors, including the food sector, which affects all stages of production, he told them to focus on productivity growth to avoid the risk of losing international competitiveness, especially if the recovery in inflation proves to be lasting. The government, he continues, is studying strategies to reduce the vulnerabilities of the Italian economy, also with interventions aimed at reducing energy prices. Particular attention is paid to the issue of the production of semiconductors, essential for digitization and electric mobility, for which global demand exceeds supply. For this sector, the government has committed to investing in research and attracting investments.
Obviously, the theme of “digital transition“. This, dear workers, must worry you particularly, since while you, young and old alike, are grappling with the exploitation induced by the intensive use of technology – which now dominates in many sectors – Prime Minister Draghi presents an idyllic version of the phenomenon, which perhaps could have been suggestive twenty years ago: “We intend to improve the lives of citizens and businesses and, above all, equip young people with the skills necessary to be ready for the jobs of tomorrow and today as well”.
We can already anticipate the jobs of tomorrow, because they are the ones carried out by the employees of Amazon, of the companies that manage the riders, of the outsourcing, call centers, just to give some examples. These are works whose organization is centered on the use of digital technologies more advanced, which allow the control and standardization of jobs at impressive levels, and where productivity is increasingly linked to the ability of workers to perform tasks in the shortest possible time, therefore to exploitation of those who carry them out. Since companies know what they are doing, the invitation to push for digitization and increased productivity is nothing more than an invitation (conscious or not, it doesn’t matter) to exploit workers even more. Perhaps exploited young people should equip the government with the necessary skills to understand how much this much-desired digitization would drag the country into a profound social crisis.
But Draghi’s requests to the business world do not stop at work, the real battlefield between the government and Confindustria could be the Pnrr, because as the premier recalls, they are not “aid”, they are borrowed money in exchange for reforms, which are disbursed in tranches only if the debtor State executes in detail all the requests from Brussels, which obviously fall on the head, or rather on the pockets , of citizens. In practice, we have returned to the original version of the Troika, that is the one managed by the institutions within the EU, effectively abandoning the MES version, that is, the one that, through a treaty outside the EU, attributes enormous power of commissioning over other countries to Germany and France.
In any case, as I have documented over and over again, whatever the version, for the moment it is the same treatment reserved for Greece, but also for Cyprus and Portugal, from which the classist, austere and pro capitalist matrix of the required reforms. It should not be overlooked that Draghi reminds the industrialists how much the commitment of his government is linked to the commissioner of Italy and that one of the key points is the reinforcement of the economy through the opening of markets (more globalization) and “not the defense of rents”, almost as if to warn that some reforms will not even please them, and therefore not only the workers.
The impression is not so much that Draghi wanted to tell those of Confindustria that he would have done their interests, but that there is a European development program to be respected (plus globalization otherwise they won’t give us the money), without it being ultimately clear what is the slice of the pie that belongs to Italian entrepreneurs. On the other hand, it seems certain that there is no interest on the part of the government a protect income from work (of those who still have a decent salary), in the sense that the only topic dealt with concerned the relocation of the unemployed, and therefore the only issue of the quantity of jobs and not the quality of the same. Therefore, it does not matter that those who lose a job find one more precarious and with half the salary, the important thing is that the government can sell the increase in employment to the masses.
The premier must be very careful, because if in this historical moment it is very simple to put the weight of the crisis on workers and citizens in general, today on the other hand the power of capital policy it is at a minimum, so the risk that he will end up in the trap is not so impossible. Draghi risks making the mistake of not considering that for the capitalists there is a huge difference between dialoguing with the premier of one of the many European countries and dialoguing with the president of the ECB, and he is no longer. But it also risks underestimate, as it seems to emerge from his speech, the powerlessness of politics in the face of the current phase of globalization, and therefore in the damage that a further push to globalization can cause on the future of individual European countries.
What we finally notice in his speech is that in the chaos of the crisis and wild globalization the government is sailing on sight, and the industrialists do not escape this, which will further push them to try to take what you can where you can, first and foremost the world of work. I really think that the trap will be there, we need to understand how many will end up in it as well as the workers.