The situation of the Coronavirus pandemic in Italy continues in its improving trend. All epidemiological indicators are decreasing, even at the regional level. The total cases recorded in the last seven days were 16.5% less than those of the previous seven days, while if we consider those of the last 14 days, the decrease is 27.8% compared to the total of the previous 14. The daily average of new cases for the past seven days is around 3,700, down from 4,200 a week ago. The hospitalization situation is improving: the employment rate of patients with Covid-19 in intensive care has dropped to 5%, after weeks in which the figure has remained constant, to 6%, while the ordinary wards (to treat non-critical patients) it fell to 6%, from 7% in the previous weeks. Deaths have also started to decline. The total number of deaths in the past seven days was 8.6% lower than the total for the previous seven days. The average of the last seven days was 52 deaths per day, significantly less than 57 a week ago.
The situation at the regional level is also improving: according to the latest monitoring of the control room, almost all regions are classified as low epidemic risk and today none of these would go into the yellow zone, except Sicily which is already in yellow, but has fallen below the thresholds foreseen to stay there (14% occupancy of non-critical departments and 9 % for intensive care. Calabria has exceeded the threshold of 15% of non-critical wards (it is 17%), with the incidence just above the threshold, but decreasing and intensive care at 7%. Marche and Province of Bolzano instead exceed the threshold of 10% for intensive care, respectively 10% and 12.5%. According to the latest estimate of the effectiveness of vaccines against Coronavirus by the Istituto Superiore di Sanità, a Strong reduction in the risk of infection in fully vaccinated people compared to unvaccinated people. On average, diagnosis is reduced by 77%, hospitalization by 93% and ICU admission and death by 95%. For example, the risk of death from Covid-19 negl unvaccinated over 80s is 14 times higher. In this age group, hospitalizations of the unvaccinated in the last 30 days were nine times higher than those of the vaccinated (251.8 versus 28.9 hospitalizations per 100,000 inhabitants). In addition, ICU admissions for unvaccinated over 80s were eleven times higher than vaccinated (1.4 versus 15.5 per 100,000 population), while unvaccinated deaths were 14 times more than vaccinated. complete cycle.
At the European level, the European Center for Infection Prevention and Control (ECDC), as of 23 September it reports an incidence rate of new cases reported in the European Union and the European Economic Area in the previous two weeks of 156 per 100,000 inhabitants, a decrease compared to the incidence of 171 in the previous report. The death rate has been stable for two weeks. Of the 29 countries with data on hospitalization / intensive care or employment, 11 reported an upward trend in at least one of these indicators from the previous week. The Delta variant is confirmed as dominant and is present in 99.6% of the processed swabs. The current epidemiological situation is characterized by a high but decreasing number of cases and a stable mortality rate. In the next two weeks, ECDC predicts a slight decrease in new diagnoses and an increasing trend in hospitalizations and ICU admissions and deaths.
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