The mafia changes face, less violence and more infiltrations

The mafia changes face, less violence and more infiltrations
The mafia changes face, less violence and more infiltrations

Organized crime is changing its face more and more: Cosa Nostra, Camorra, ‘Ndrangheta constantly work to expand their relationship skills and increasingly in synergy with white-collar workers, “replacing the use of violence, increasingly residual, with lines of action of silent infiltration ». The analysis of how criminal organizations are evolving is contained in the Report of the Anti-Mafia Investigation Directorate, relating to the second half of 2020 and just delivered to Parliament.

Among the mafia associations that in central-eastern Sicily stand side by side with the Cosa Nostra “a particular importance is to be attributed to the stidda which is characterized by the coexistence of groups operating with a horizontal coordination”. «It is – explains the document – an organization that was initially born in opposition to the Cosa Nostra but which today tends to seek an agreement with the latter for the division of illicit business. Recently some stiddare organizations have made a ‘qualitative leap’ by evolving from groups mainly dedicated to predatory crimes to groups capable of infiltrating the economic-entrepreneurial fabric of northern Italy ”. In the eastern part of the island “there are also other smaller mafia groups and clans with limited interests in a limited territorial area but which nevertheless prove to be pervasive in the area of ​​influence of reference and operationally unscrupulous”.
Overall, «the Sicilian mafia maintains the aegis on activities in the areas of competence by tolerating the presence of foreign crime in sectors of no direct interest and sometimes using it for marginal cooperation roles. However, a distinction must be made for the Nigerian factions which, already consolidated in Palermo and Catania, also in Caltanissetta are gradually acquiring operational spaces in the usual sectors of drugs and human trafficking connected with the exploitation of prostitution “.

Cosa Nostra, “unable to reconstitute a top body for the definition of the most delicate issues”, coexists and sometimes forges “occasional alliances for the achievement of specific criminal objectives with other organizations with more fluid, less hierarchical outlines”. While its «some articulations appear oriented to intensify relations with their historical offshoots abroad. Recent and repeated evidence of a significant revitalization of contacts with overseas families “, continues the six-monthly report to the Parliament of the Anti-Mafia Investigative Directorate, according to which Cosa Nostra” recently seems to have reopened the doors to the so-called ‘escapatì or better to the new generations of those whose fathers had had to find refuge abroad following the mafia war of the early 1980s ».

The interests around which the mafia action is concentrated «are always the same. In detail, extortion, usury, drug trafficking, infiltration into illegal gambling and control of illegal gambling. Added to these are the pollution of the economy of the reference territories, especially in the business fields of construction, earthmoving and the supply of aggregates, waste disposal, management of cemetery services and transport.

The most recent investigations confirm «the attitude of the ‘ndrine to interact easily and with equal effectiveness both with the bloody organizations of the South American drug trafficking, and with politicians, administrators, entrepreneurs and freelancers. The ‘Ndrangheta expresses an ever higher level of infiltration in the political-institutional world, obtaining undue advantages in the granting of contracts and public contracts ”, emphasizes Dia. «Thanks to widespread corruption – reads the 530 pages of the document – the relational dynamics with local authorities are conditioned to the point of controlling their choices, thus polluting the management of public affairs and sometimes altering electoral competitions. This is confirmed by the significant number of dissolution of municipal councils due to ‘Ndrangheta’ interference even in areas far from Calabria ”.
The gangs are active in numerous Italian regions (46 localities identified, of which 25 in Lombardy, 14 in Piedmont and 3 in Liguria) and, abroad, in some European countries such as Spain, France, United Kingdom, Belgium, Holland, Germany, Austria, Slovak Republic, Romania and Malta as well as Australia, Canada and the USA.

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