We have been hearing for decades – and in a strictly bipartisan way – of “overcoming the Roma camps” but apparently only the mayor Virginia Raggi he is really succeeding. Not slogans shouted in the electoral campaign to win votes, as the rivals of the first town of Grillina claim, but an articulated “Roma Plan” which, in the light of the latest report presented yesterday (here the full document), works well. The data and the facts speak for themselves and in fact, explains the pentastellata, “in recent years we have closed five Roma camps” and “we have recorded a decrease in the presence of the Roma population of 41.1%” which is also accompanied by “a decrease in the phenomenon of toxic fires by 83% “.
It is, the first citizen of the capital continues bluntly, “a delicate and still ongoing process, but the results achieved so far show that the direction taken, the methodology used and the strong institutional direction at the base of the Roma Plan work” and for this we must continue along this line. The same mayor Raggi on her Facebook page then launches a jab that seems to be addressed to Matteo Salvini recounting that “we do not talk just talking about bulldozers, like someone else, but we solve the problem at the root, closing those fields that my predecessors opened or that they kept as they were because obviously it suited them”.
THE DATA DOES NOT LIE. That this is the case is evident precisely from the document presented yesterday in the Campidoglio in the presence of Raggi, of the Deputy Chief of Cabinet Rome Capital Marco Cardilli, of the Mayor’s Delegate for Inclusion Monica Rossi, of the director de The news Gaetano Pedullà, of the Economist Mauro Di Giacomo, of the Anthropologist Roberto De Angelis, of the Development and Cooperation Expert Salvatore Ippolito, and of the Deputy Commander of the Local Police of Rome Capital Stefano Naples. The text clearly states that “in Rome, Roma groups have been in continuous decline since 2017 and not only in the large authorized camps but also in informal settlements”.
Particularly eloquent is the data on permitted settlements (see table at the top right) which show “a generalized and decisive reduction in attendance in almost all the major fields”. From the 4,503 residents surveyed in 2017, the figure reached 2,652 in December 2020. In other words, 1,851 have left these structures, equal to 41.1% of the residents. A figure that, in reality, would be even greater because it does not take into account the closure of the Monachina field in July 2021 and the closure of the F area of Castel Romano in April 2021 as they do not fall within the period considered.
Results that were obtained thanks to extensive work with the Administration representatives who, according to the report, “within the various fields, have developed an intense activity of individual contact, family by family, individual by individual, to make people understand the active role that each person was called to have ”. In this sense, the contacts were numerous “as evidenced by the figure of 6,997 interviews, equal to an average of 5 contacts per adult resident in the camps”. To these are added 1,507 interventions aimed at supporting document regularization, 3,655 socio-health interventions and 165 interventions for occupational inclusion.
Not only “in the course of the plan 56 pacts for housing inclusion and 23 pacts for chousing were activated” to which are added 65 families who have found a home independently. With regard to Erp housing “in the period considered, 148 social housing units were assigned to families residing in the authorized and tolerated villages of the capital”, equal to 10.5% of the overall total of allocations in Rome corresponding to 1409 housing units.
TOXIC STREAKS AND CHECKS. As regards the phenomenon of toxic fires, “there is a decrease of 83.2%”. In the face of a number of fires “equal to 119 in the first 5 months of 2017”, “20 between January and May 2021” are recorded, as proof of “the commitment made by the administration and the Police Forces in contrasting such illegal phenomena “(see table below). In particular, it is emphasized in the report that in the first half of 2021 the villages of Via Candoni and Via La Monachina did not register any reports.
A result that was achieved thanks to the policies implemented by the mayor Raggi who “in addition to the direct controls of the police forces in 2021, was then arranged for the installation of 16 cameras and 11 thermal cameras in Via di Salone, Via Cesare Lombroso, Via Candoni, Castel Romano and La Barbuta, in order to ensure greater control and faster interventions by the authorities ”. Not only. The team deployed by the mayor also makes use of drones with 54 Local Police officers “suitably trained in the piloting of the devices”. Thanks to this, we have gone from 216 fires in 2017 to 157 in 2020. A figure that is continuously improving as can be seen from the first five months of 2021 with toxic fires that were just 20, compared to 119 recorded in the same period of 2017.
MODEL. To explain the phenomenon and how it was possible to overcome it after years of impasse, is the Delegate of the Mayor for Inclusion Monica Rossi. “These ghettos, or rather hyperghettos, were built by the previous administrations, and for 40 years entire groups of people were concentrated there on the basis of the idea of an alleged respect for hypothetical cultural traditions”. What the camps – in the past – generated and reproduced “were above all dependence, exclusion, self-isolation, slowdown, and in many cases the arrest and freezing of the processes of inclusion and emancipation”.
Something that the Plan put in place by the Grillina administration “tried to bring the phenomenon back into a normalized management”. In other words, “the methodological model was to de-ethnicize this theme, subtracting it from the emergency policy of hyperculturalist differentialism and ad hoc measures, designing plan interventions and bringing everything back into the more general context of social policies applied under a strong institutional direction and with the help of the third sector ”explained Rossi. An enormous job “which took place amidst a thousand difficulties”, continues the delegate for inclusion, with “very harsh attacks on this Administration by everyone, often even low personal ones” and even with “explicit boycott activities of the interventions, with individuals and associations that they went to the fields to dissuade the residents from joining the Plan because they live on the induced need “.
Yet in the face of such evident results, after all, the numbers speak for themselves and we cannot discuss them, there are still those who are trying to build a different reality. Among them stands out Claudio Durigon, the coordinator of the League, according to whom “listening to the Rays is cabaret. The Roma plan has failed to achieve its objectives: it is a fact. It cost the Capitoline administration millions of euros and put in place choices rejected by the Roma themselves. Vittoria? Only propaganda “. A shot that tastes like a good slogan only for the electoral campaign since, precisely in the light of the report, it is already widely denied by the facts.