ANALYSIS by Ugo Bellesi – It will take place between 2022 and 2033. Unfortunately, a negligible sum of just over four billion has been allocated. The digitalization of companies is insufficient. Our exports are lower than those of the other regions of Central Italy. Dizzying occupation of agricultural land. Too many bank branches closed
from Ugo Bellesi
We had mentioned some time ago the backwardness of the Marche, and in particular of our province, as regards infrastructures, health, broadband etc. etc., not only towards northern Italy but also towards other regions of central Italy. Well it is these days the news that the government has passed a decree to reduce not only the gap between the north and the south of Italy “heavily penalized in the endowment of roads and railways, but also that concerning the inner areas of the center” . In truth, the competent Ministry intends to extend the intervention to also heal the many disparities regarding health, welfare structures, schools, ports and airports. In fact, these disparities “have undermined and continue to undermine the development possibilities of entire areas”. Unfortunately, these good intentions, destined to repair the damage caused by decades of lack of investment in central Italy, are in contrast with a total investment, planned for the center and the south, of only four billion and 600 thousand euros. For the first year of operation, that is 2022, only one hundred million are available, which however will rise to 300 million for the years from 2023 to 2027, and to 500 million annually from 2028 to 2033. A figure that does not do honor to our province is that we are behind in the digitization of small and medium-sized enterprises. And to think that for years Confindustria, Chamber of Commerce, Confartigianato etc. etc. they have promoted initiatives and organized courses to ensure that companies decide to move to the digitization of their staff. Now Confartigianato has published a paper on the trends of small and medium-sized enterprises towards the “transition 4.0”. This survey shows that the province of Ascoli has an index of 1.84 as in 378 small and medium-sized enterprises there are 1,029 employees in digital services, which is why it appears in second place in the national ranking. On the other hand, the province of Macerata, having 1,021 employees but divided into 444 companies, has an index of 1.11. And we all know how important digitization is for driving the economy of any business.
Along this line, last month the engineer. Francesco Merloni had stressed the need to create a center of competence and technology transfer. “The Marche industry is made up of too few large companies – he said – that carry out production chains, compared to what happens in other regions. A crucial issue to focus on in order to reverse this trend is that of cultural growth and the formation of human capital. One of the fundamental projects of our Foundation is to support training ”.
In recent days, the latest data relating to exports were disclosed and, as often happens, the two provinces of Ancona with more than 49.5% and Pesaro with more than 36.6% appear in the lead while the province of Macerata stops to plus 26.1%, easily surpassing the smallest province of the Marche, namely Fermo which had an export growth of 13.4%. Unfortunately Ascoli was penalized by the negative trend in sales of Pfizer medicines for which its exports recorded a minus 22.6%. From all this it is revealed that the growth in foreign sales of the Marche is lower than the national average. Not only that, but it also appears that in the first half of 2021 our exports (increased to more than 20.5% while those of central Italy recorded a more than 25.4%) are down by 1.2% even compared to the half-year preceding the pandemic. . The basic problem remains that our small and medium-sized enterprises (despite having excellent products) have little propensity to export (for which they are little known) and sales, equal to about 70%, are destined for self-consumption in our own. region.
The Paima of Osimo
So it often happens that our products are best sold abroad when it is foreign industries that buy (often jointly) our companies. In recent days, the news has come that the French Chanel has acquired control of the Paima knitwear factory in Osimo. The Eko of Recanati, known for its musical instruments, became the property of the French company Algam and the Ascoli company Hp Composites, specialized in optical fiber components, ended up beyond the Alps. But already in the past (2003) the French subsidiary Gucci had acquired 70% of the Pigini shoe factory in Recanati, then bringing the production of the Crest di Montegranaro to the Leopardi city in 2017. Finally, the Loro Piana shoe factory in Porto Sant’Elpidio and the Fendi brand in Porto San Giorgio also ended up in the orbit of the LVMH group. It is useless then to console oneself by saying that production remains in Italy because this means that the Italians will continue to do the job while the profits end up abroad. The province of Macerata unfortunately also has the black jersey with regard to the consumption of agricultural land. In fact, between 2019 and 2020 Macerata lost 54 hectares of land, against 43 in Ascoli, 26 in Pesaro, 14 in Fermo and 8 in Ancona. Among other things, it must be said that the Marche is the second region of Italy for overbuilding less than 300 meters from the beach. Often the agricultural lands are occupied by photovoltaic panels while the right photovoltaic is the one installed on the roofs of buildings. But it is also absurd to give up fertile agricultural land to build warehouses which then remain empty. Let’s go back to dealing also with the earthquake zones whose population not only decreases from year to year, but is also slowly deprived of essential services, such as banking. In recent days, the regional secretariats of Fabi, First-Cisl, Fisac Cgil, Uilca and Unisin have reported that the dismantling of bank branches in all the Marche has begun for about ten years. This particular aspect of desertification has been accentuated in the last five years, so much so that the unions expect that 40 branches will be closed by December 2021 in just eight months. So in ten years they will have closed a third of the branches. And this phenomenon has affected above all the areas affected by the earthquake, convincing more and more the population to leave but also putting in serious difficulty the small or large companies in the area that still resist. It is also for this reason that the depopulation of the areas affected by the earthquake is worsening. And on this problem it should be emphasized that having favored, immediately after the earthquake, the mass movement of the population towards the hotels and accommodation facilities on the coast did nothing but encourage those who, once returned to their municipalities, to settle there definitively. for the most part forbidden to access because they were proclaimed “red zones”, they realized that the reconstruction would take a long time.
The centers of the coast, already attractive in their own right thanks to the economic development and the greater possibilities of finding work, have seen their population increase visibly. And this caused problems to guarantee all services, also because some structures were not “calibrated” for many new settlements. This, however, worsened the quality of life while favoring mafia infiltrations, the spread of drugs, the increase in episodes of violence and intolerance. On the other hand, the desertification of the upper Macerata area, the delays in post-earthquake reconstruction, with some municipalities that are still a “red zone” and with tons of rubble that have begun to be covered with vegetation because no one takes them away, have given the possibility of other municipalities affected by earthquake in the other provinces, already “competitors” in terms of tourism and commercial initiatives, to become more attractive than those of Macerata. And we can mention, for example, the nearby Amandola which, focusing on some of its specificities, such as the black truffle, appears in full recovery after the earthquake. However, it should be emphasized that our Sarnano also tries to resist validly. Another negative consequence is the fact that, as the population has decreased, there are also fewer children to send to school so that the school complexes, not reaching the minimum number of schoolchildren set by the ministry, risk being closed.
The alternative could only be to create multiple classes with negative consequences for pupils on the didactic level. It is for this reason that the mayor of Pieve Torina Alessandro Gentilucci has rightly seen fit to offer a benefit of 300 euros to parents who, for the next school year, will enroll their children in the school of his municipality. THEIn fact, it had happened that the regional school office had not authorized the formation of a class of ten students despite the exceptions in this regard, provided for in the areas affected by the earthquake, allowed it. And this without taking into account that Pieve Torina has rebuilt a school without burdening the state coffers, thanks to donations. Depopulation has also created a serious situation for those who have decided to stay to carry on an artisan business, or even a grocery store, or a typical local production. This is because such people do not have enough clientele to be able to continue their profession. Visitors on a Sunday or some particular holiday are not enough to raise their economic fortunes. Therefore, even the most willing are forced to close, thus inducing even those who wish to continue living in the earthquake area to leave.
Chanel invests in Marche and acquires Osimo knitwear factory
Bank desertification in the Marche “The crater in general indifference has been hit above all else”
The depopulation of the hinterland is worrying and seems unstoppable 17 thousand inhabitants have been lost since the earthquake
Marche weak link in Central Italy, and Macerata risks being left behind amidst the consequences of the earthquake and pandemic
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