The televised debate between the three candidates to the German Chancellorship this Sunday, two weeks before the elections of September 26, was considered decisive. Although there will be just another one three days earlier of the vote and not always the winner in the television studios is then the same sanctioned by the ballot boxes. Armin Laschet he had to attack to reverse the negative trend of the polls. He was perfectly aware of this the day before, when he repeated Strauss’s words to the delegates of the CSU ally: “To err once is human, but to err is always social democratic”. So he teased from the beginning of the debate Olaf Scholz. And once again the challenger Spd did not openly exclude a possible alliance with the left. But this time she counterattacked: “If my finance minister (in North Rhine-Westphalia, the Land administered by Laschet) worked like you, we would have a problem,” said Scholz, blaming him for the scandals. with ex, the failure Wirecard, and the inspections in the Ministry of Finance ordered Monday by Procura in Osnabruck.
Scholz had to parry and thanks to Laschet he appeared almost lively, but he never lost his temper. He kept his aplomb as a convinced heir in pectore of Angela Merkel. In the past he had been taken up by the weekly of the Southgerman newspaper with the diamond-shaped hands typical of the chancellor who, as is well known, did not like. Now even if he did not repeat the Merkelian phrase verbatim “you know me”(You know me), he came very close by stating“ everyone who knows me they know what they get”.
Annalena Baerbock had to improve to try to reaffirm that the race it is not two, but it seemed more than anything else to turn to their own electorate. For some observers she seemed aware that, in light of the polls, the race is for having a place in a coalition, no longer the chancellorship. As in the first three-party televised debate, he played the card of personal experience as mother e donna and left to fight the two antagonists. But he also attacked her at times Scholz frontally. He accused him of inadequate persecution oftax evasion he was born in recycling. He then demanded that Scholz make public the verbal of the investigation commission on the role played by the cum ex scandal Warburg Bank, from which the administration of Hamburg, with Scholz at the time mayor, initially gave up asking compensation. The Minister of Finance has not taken a stand, but has rebuffed the accusation by recalling that he had introduced the taxation of big business international. But from the minimum taxation decided in July to Venezia, experts indicate that there will be no revenue comparable to what multinationals would actually be required to pay: Google will pay the 7,3%, writes the ZdF, far from the average of 30%.
Laschet, however, had to dribble the question of the conductors on Hans-Georg Maaβen, the former head of the Constitutional Protection resigned, who is running for his party. While distancing himself from it, he indicated that he was freely chosen by the section in Thuringia and that, if he is chancellor, moaen he will have to follow his directives. After he declared at the opening that he wanted a clear wall to the right and that the AfD must leave Parliament, it did not seem very credible, given that Maaβen draws sympathy in that area. Baerbock instead he had to take a stand on the non-expulsion of the mayor of Tübingen, Boris Palmer, after the post on Facebook that the same candidate of the Greens had defined as “racist”.
The environmental theme – Although all three contenders have declared their determination to reach the finish line of the climate neutrality, they remained very distant on how to do it. For Laschet there is no need for prohibitions and one must “leave it to the entrepreneurs, creating a dynamic from which everyone wants something new to spring ”. Rather, the authorization for the construction of the electrical lines. For Baerbock, on the other hand, “every prohibition it can be the push for changes ”and the next one“ is the last government that will be able to do it something else to stop climate change ”. The exit from the coal has to be accelerated to 2030, the abandonment of the fossil fuel engines and financed the switch to electric ones with a premium of 9 thousand euros (although studies show that E-Cars do not always guarantee an environmental advantage), the construction of solar panels on all newly built roofs. Olaf Scholz He presented himself as the proponent of a moderate way, as it had been Angela Merkel. The cost of the CO2 it must be increased, yes, but gradually, by reducing the bureaucratic barriers for new wind farms and accelerated times to build “the largest Industrial Revolution“. But Scholz was in government and it was not done. The two men quarrel and Baerbock takes them back: stop blaming the past and think about the future. But none of the three makes it clear how much this will ultimately cost the taxpayer.
Fiscal policy – Other issues were the delays in digitization, fiscal policy, pensions and health insurance, how to carry on the vaccinations against Covid, if they should be made mandatory for certain professions, what lessons can be learned from the management of the pandemic. Here the positions of the SPD and Verdi appeared much closer. Scholz and Baerbock called for a unique health insurance and pension system, minimum wage of 12 euros, tax increases and also taken into account a patrimonial. Scholz, however, considers the tax reliefs “not financeable”, while Annalena Baerbock would like them for low incomes. Laschet then underlined “the fundamental difference” with his two contractors, excluding the elimination of private health insurance, which for him guarantee the quality of German health; new taxes that “are the wrong path now that after the pandemic there is a tenuous hope of recovery; the state collects more when the economy flourishes ”. And if on the topic pensions Scholz replying to the moderators assured that i Young people who enter the labor market today will enjoy the 48% salary, Laschet denied it: “Your answer is not serious”, the system must be changed.
Dear home – The most pressing issue is the dear home. Both Scholz and Baerbock hypothesize a maximum limit to the growth of rentals, Laschet pointed out that there is already a brake on the law and they cannot grow wild. Both Laschet and Scholz, on the other hand, indicated the need to build new homes also of social housing, but North Rhine Westphalia is not in pole position and in general under the leadership of the CDU in Germany from the two million social housing apartments built in 2007, it has gone to little more than half in 2019. Laschet suggested that a solution should also be sought in rendering more attractiveness life too out of town. A phenomenon which, moreover, born of necessity, is already underway. Saturday the left brought thousands of people to the streets a Berlin for the introduction not only of a national rental block but even one reduction of fees already existing. For the far-left party, a lowering to be imposed in 11 German cities. The lessons to be learned from the pandemic are also different for the three candidates. For Laschet, Europe must become more independent in the production of sanitary supports, freeing itself from China. For Baerbock, a crisis unit must be set up in the chancellorship. For Scholz, health must be modernized e digitized.
The final appeal – At the end of the debate, all three candidates got to throw a direct appeal to the voters. Laschet asked for confidence to tear down the bureaucracy, ensuring that, as chancellor, he would not prescribe to voters how to think and live, he would be a “chancellor to trust”. Annalena Baerbock asked for the vote to guarantee social union and “a real departure” and reiterated that this is the last government that can act to curb the climate change and how Merkel closed with “we can do it”. Scholz presented his party as the guarantor of the social solidarity and concluded by copying again Angela Merkel: “I want to serve as chancellor”.
Polls and alliances – Annalena Baerbock seemed most of all to cast a glance to the future, making concrete proposals to his electorate. And for the 41% of the viewers she appeared the candidate with more strength to convert her ideas into practice and for the 39% even the nicest. But the 41% of the sample of viewers interviewed by the institute infratest dimap he crowned Olaf Scholz overall winner and the 49% even as the most competent, while only the 27% has decreed the success of Laschet and the 25% by Annalena Baerbock. More than a third of German voters, however, still declare themselves undecided and two weeks after the vote, even after the debate, it is not clear who will join forces with whom. Neither Scholz nor Baerbock have absolutely ruled out an alliance with left. In Rhineland-Palatinate, on the other hand, they govern with the Fdp and in Saxony with the Cdu. Laschet, for his part, did not comment on the possibility of the CDU playing the role of junior partner. At least in the municipal elections in Lower Saxony the conservatives won ahead of the social democrats. The national projections give instead the SPD in the lead col 25,8%, the CDU / Csu at 21.8%, the Greens at 15.9% followed by AfD 11.4%, FDP 11.1% and Linke 6%: it is therefore very likely a tripartite coalition.