Coronavirus infections do not show signs of stopping: they are 3845 the municipalities in which there is at least one case, almost 900 more common than last week, underlines the president of the Higher Institute of Health, Silvio Brusaferro, at the press conference on the analysis of the data of the Regional Monitoring of the Control Room. “The infection is growing in many European countries and also in the Italian context,” said Brusaferro, specifying that the circulation of the virus occurs mainly in the younger groups, including 10 e 29 years. «The average age of those who contract the infection is 27 years and the majority of the cases that develop are autochthonous, that is, they are generated in the same region ». As for the occupation of hospital beds, explains the president of the ISS, “it marks a growth but contained while the incidence in many areas is above 50 cases for 100 thousand inhabitants, critical for tracking. Furthermore, the RT projected for next week shows a stabilization: it is a figure to be confirmed but we are still above the epidemic threshold, and hospital RT is growing. We are in a phase in which we must act with great prudence ». Brusaferro said that «even against Delta, the first and most important antidote is to complete the vaccination cycle. Vaccination significantly reduces the risk of contracting infection, hospitalization and death and this applies to all age groups and to all vaccines ». Hence, explains Brusaferro, the importance of completing the vaccination cycle, “because the complete cycle is extremely effective in also reducing the chances of contracting the infection”.
Third dose of vaccine, Rezza: “Evaluating times for fragile people”
Speaking of the complete vaccination cycle, at a press conference the epidemiologist Gianni Rezza said that “within a month it will be necessary to decide who to vaccinate and in what times with the third dose: it is a decision that must be well thought out but probably the most fragile people and immunosuppressed will have a third dose but we have not yet decided when ». On the third dose there is indecision, Rezza admitted, “because there is still no strong evidence to be able to say that we will do it to everyone rather than to some”. Some countries – said the epidemiologist – “have bet on us, like Israel and GB, which is planning an autumn campaign starting with the most fragile. Immunosuppressed people can probably be revaccinated with a booster. As for the other frail and health workers there is a discussion but a decision has not yet been reached ». Rezza said at the press conference that there is a strong adhesion to the vaccination campaign by young people «and it is a very important fact. It is, in fact, the boys who drive the infection the most ».
The RT rises again: an infected person infects more than one and a half people
The national Rt index, or the parameter that measures the transmissibility of the Coronavirus, still rises. In the monitoring of the Higher Institute of Health today, July 30, its value is equal to 1,57. Translated? An infected person potentially infects more than one and a half people. Last week’s survey had set the parameter a 1,26, that of two weeks ago a 0,91. The figure relating to the incidence also grows, passed by 41 contagions every week 100 thousand inhabitants ai 58 reported in the last seven days. The growth of the parameters begins to raise alarm, but from the ISS they also underline that no Region and Autonomous Province exceeds the critical occupancy threshold of the beds in the intensive care or medical area, despite the increase in hospitalizations. The intensive care occupancy rate is stable at 2%, with a slight increase in the number of hospitalized patients: on 20 July they were 165, Today I am 189. Instead, there is an increase of one percentage point in the occupancy rate of the Covid medical areas, passed to 3% from 2% of the previous week. On July 17 the hospitalized not in intensive care are 1.611, seven days ago they were 1.194.
Twenty Regions and Autonomous Provinces at moderate risk, hospital parameters higher in the South
According to the assessments of the ISS, they are 20 the Regions and Autonomous Provinces now classified at moderate risk. Only Molise, in Italy, is considered low risk. In the draft of the monitoring, we read that 17 Regions and autonomous provinces report resilience alerts. None, however, reports multiple resilience alerts. It is the Southern Regions that have the highest hospital parameters as of 27 July. Sicily, Calabria and Campania have an employment rate in the medical areas respectively of8%, of the 6,6%, he was born in 4,9%. Sicily, Sardinia and Lazio have, in the same period, an intensive care occupancy value of respectively 4,7%, of the 4,2% he was born in 3,7%. As regards, instead, the incidence on 100 thousand inhabitants in the week of 23-29 July, Sardinia, Tuscany and Lazio are the leading regions, respectively with 136,2, 94,5 e 87,5.
Accelerate vaccination to limit the circulation of variants
The draft of the weekly monitoring of the ISS emphasizes the need to speed up the time needed to achieve high vaccination coverage and to complete vaccination cycles. At the moment, the biological drug is the best weapon to prevent further upsurge in the circulation of the virus, supported by the variants. The Delta, by now, has become prevalent in Italy and continues to be increasing among the population. «In Italy on 20 July the prevalence of the Delta variant was of 94,8%, a sharp increase compared to the survey of 22 June, with values ranging between and individual regions between 80% e100% », Revealed the latest rapid survey on ISS variants. Since it has led to a growth in infections even in countries with high vaccination coverage, the ISS highlights the opportunity to resume an activity of tracking of cases and to proceed with their sequencing.