When an episode of hyperglycemia occurs, it is possible to record some symptoms that highlight a similar condition within the body. In this case it is shown that normal blood glucose values have exceeded the threshold after several hours of fasting. Hyperglycemia is a condition that affects not only people diagnosed with diabetes. Such a condition can describe people at risk of diabetes or suffering from endocrinopathies such as hyperthyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome or pancreatitis. Here are the 3 signals from the body to understand that the blood sugar is soaring.
What is hyperglycemia and when does it occur
Hyperglycemia, as the term indicates, describes a situation where normal blood glucose values are high after hours of fasting. During the day it is normal for fluctuations in blood glucose values to coincide with meals. However, these values, thanks to physiological mechanisms, re-establish themselves within the normal range when fasting. On the other hand, this balance is altered in subjects who have symptoms of hyperglycemia.
The 3 signals of the body to understand that the blood sugar is soaring
The state of hyperglycemia is not always accompanied by obvious symptoms and that the subject can also detect independently. However, when these symptoms are present, it is good to pay adequate attention to the signals that the body sends to report a state of hyperglycemia. The 3 most obvious signs are:
- polydipsia, i.e. a marked increase in thirst;
- polyuria, i.e. frequent passing of urine;
- weight loss not justified by a restrictive diet.
Other symptoms that can be associated with this condition are a sense of tiredness and fatigue and abdominal pain or a generalized sense of discomfort. In severe cases, confusion or loss of consciousness can also be recorded.
According to the guidelines of the World Health Organization, we can speak of altered blood glucose values when the levels are: greater than or equal to 110 mg / dl but below 126 mg / dl in the case of diabetes. Generally, the diagnosis of diabetes is made when in fasting the subject has blood glucose values higher than 126 mg / dl on two separate days. If, on the other hand, you are in the presence of a person at risk of diabetes, then the glycemic alteration is already recorded with values that are: greater than or equal to 100mg / dl but less than 126mg / dl.
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