Al G20 Environment of Naples success and failure go hand in hand. Because? Powers like China and not only have they held back on more ambitious goals, highlighting the differences between the greats of the planet.
It is true, however, that the final official statement was evaluated as historical, considering that it brings together – at least in intent – a very large number of countries on crucial topics such as biodiversity, l’circular economy, the sustainable finance.
Carbon neutrality e global warming In any case, there are still knots to be solved: because the brake on these issues came above all from China? Issues of economic opportunity.
China – and beyond – against the stop coal in 2025
Tiring and unsuccessful negotiations at the G20 Ambiente in Naples. The pattern has repeated itself: on the one hand, the EU and US blocs, on the other China, Russia, India and other emerging nations.
Why has Beijing held back on decarbonisation by 2050? The ambitious target against pollution is seen as too fast for countries still strongly committed to economic growth.
One figure will be enough to understand how world powers are moving in the area of carbon neutrality: from 2000 to 2019 China emitted + 204% of CO2, while negative percentages came from the US and the EU (respectively -12% and -21 %).
India also recorded an increase in polluting emissions in the period under consideration: + 167%.
Huge countries, which still do not feel ready to finance the transition. On the other hand, last September, Chinese President Xi Jinping had stated that his country aims at the peak of carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060.
Also Russia, Saudi Arabia e Indonesia they were cold on the acceleration of the decarbonizzazione.
The Indonesian country, for example, represents the eighth world source of carbon emissions and its neutrality plan more or less follows Chinese times. According to Tjokorda Nirarta Samadhi, director of the Indonesian office of the World Resources Institute, the nation should “Commit to stop investing in new coal plants and achieve zero deforestation by 2030.”
L’Saudi Arabia, for its part, is heavily dependent on oil.
In this context, the race to zero carbon emissions is postponed.
No G20 agreement on global warming
The other point left open in Naples was the formulation relating to a limit of 1.5-2 degrees Celsius on the increase in global temperature.
World average temperatures have already risen more than 1 degree from the pre-industrial baseline used by scientists and are well on their way to breaking the 1.5-2 degree ceiling.
“Some countries wanted to go faster than agreed in Paris and aim to limit temperatures to 1.5 degrees within a decade, but others, with more economies based on the carbon, said they abide by what was agreed in Paris “, explained the Italian minister Cingolani.
World leaders will gather for the COP26 Climate Change Summit in Glasgow, Scotland from 1-12 November. The event promises to be crucial and many hope it will act as a catalyst for even the most skeptical governments towards bolder sustainable agendas.