Iraq, pro-Iranian militias agree to a truce with the US. But Washington bombs are also a warning to Baghdad

Iraq, pro-Iranian militias agree to a truce with the US. But Washington bombs are also a warning to Baghdad
Iraq, pro-Iranian militias agree to a truce with the US. But Washington bombs are also a warning to Baghdad

The commanders of different pro-Iranian militias in Iraq have reached an agreement in principle for suspend attacks against the American troops stationed in the Arab country, provided that Washington contribute to “calm”. This was reported by an Iraqi source reserved for the online broadcaster Middle East Eye, specifying that the meeting between the commanders took place the day after the last one rocket launch near the Omar oil field, in the area of Deir Ezzor, in Syria, probably directed against the stars and stripes soldiers and after which Washington bombed some positions in Iraq and Syria.

Also according to the source of the broadcaster, the meeting took place in Baghdad, in the office of the head of the Popular Mobilization Authority (Pma), Faleh Al Fayyadh, and was attended by Hadi Al Amiri, at the head of the Badr Organization, the commander of the Pma Abu Fadak al Mohammadawi and representatives of Asaib Ahl Al Haq (The league of the righteous, led by Qais Al Khazali), of Kata’ib Sayyid al Shuhada and of Kata’ib Hezbollah. According to the source, the latter are responsible for the latest attack on Deir Ezzor.

Last Monday Washington defended the decision to lead some targeted bombing against arms depots, according to the United States, and in response to other missile launches at some contractor in Iraq and Syria, although the double condemnation had arrived for the violation of their sovereignty by the governments Damascus e Baghdad, with the Iraqi prime minister Al Khadimi described as “embarrassed” by the American raid decision, given his commitment to stay out of tensions between United States e Iran, as well as in trying to contain the initiatives of the militias. The chief press officer of the Pentagon, John Kirby, he had reiterated last Tuesday the “defensive” nature of the American raids, functional to “maintain deterrence”. One of these, according to an Iraqi commander under anonymity, had targeted an apartment used by fighters of the 14th Brigade inside the Iraqi border, killing four. In the course of another raid at the same time, Kata’ib Hezbollah positions in Syria were instead targeted, even if for unknown reasons the bombed places had been evacuated by the same brigades that would have grouped together less than a kilometer to the east. . Those of last Sunday are not the first raids conducted in the region by the new administration of Joe Biden. Last February Washington had already carried out bombings against some military infrastructures in Syria, near the Iraqi border, used by pro-Iranian militias.

The embarrassment for the Iraqi government, according to a commander of the SMEs, could actually hide more complex and in some ways worrying developments, despite the news of this momentary respite. The bombings decided by Washington were in fact carried out in the indirect purpose of “punishing” Al Khadhimi himself, guilty of having participated, in fact sponsoring him, last Saturday in a military parade in the province of Diyala which marked the seventh anniversary of their founding Popular mobilization forces, formed in 2014 to combat the advance of the self-styled Islamic state but today engaged in an attempt to stimulate the withdrawal of American troops from Iraq, with and even without the support of Teheran. A gesture, that of Al Khadhimi, which if in some ways it was “due” (the PMUs are officially framed in the Iraqi Armed Forces, of which in fact they constitute a type of special forces) would not have liked either Moqtada Al Sadr, ex leader dell’Mahdi Army and recently moved away from Tehran (as well as representing a majority in Parliament that pushes for the end of Iranian influence, as well as for the US withdrawal), nor especially to Washington which is counting on its “neutrality”.

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